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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (40)
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1

immunity

the function that guards the body from invaders, both internal and external

2

lympocytes

immune cells responsible for waging war against disease or infection

3

antibodies

substances produced by the white blood cells in response to invading agents

4

stress

the mental, emotional and physiological response of the body to any situation that is new, threatening, frightening or exciting.

5

4 major groups of sleep disorders

-problems with falling and staying asleep
-difficulties staying awake
-difficulties adhering to a regular sleep schedule
-sleep disruptive disorders

6

stressor

a stress causing event

7

eustress

positive stress; health and performance continue to improve even as stress increases

8

distress

negative stress; unpleasant or harmful stress under which health and performance begin to deteriorate

9

homeostasis

a natural state of equilibrium, which the body attempts to maintain by constantly reacting to external forces that attempt to disrupt this fine balance

10

general adaptation syndrome

GAS - a theoretical model that explains the body's adaptation to sustained stress.

11

3 stages of GAS

- alarm reaction
-resistance
-exhaustion and recovery

12

alarm reaction

immediate response to a stressor

13

resistance

for a short while the body copes with the stressor

14

exhaustion and recovery

if stress becomes chronic and intolerable, the body loses its ability to cope. It may recover of fail.

15

explanatory style

the way people perceive the events in their lives; optimistic or pessimistic

16

self-esteem

a sense of positive self-regard and self-respect

17

fighting spirit

determination; the open expression of emotions, whether negative or positive

18

spontaneous remission

inexplicable recovery from incurable disease

19

stress events scale

a questionnaire used to assess sources of stress in life

20

neustress

neutral stress; stress that is neither harmful or helpful

21

structured interview

an assessment tool used to determine behavioral patterns that define type A or Type B personalities

22

Type A

hard driving, overambitious, aggressive and at times hostile and overly competitive person

23

Type B

calm, casual, relaxed and easygoing individual

24

Type C

individuals who just as highly stressed as the Type A but do not seem to be at higher risk for disease than type B individuals

25

5 steps to time management

-find the time killers
-set long and short term goals
-identify immediate goals and prioritize them
-use a daily planner
-conduct nightly audits

26

time management skills

-delegate
-say no
-protect against boredom
-plan ahead for disruptions
-get it done
-eliminate distractions
-set aside overtimes
-plan time for you
-reward yourself

27

fight or flight mechanism

the physiological response of the body to stress that prepares the individual to take action by stimulating the body's vital defense systems

28

Yoga

Hindu religion that seeks to help individuals attain a higher level of spirituality and peace of mind

29

Tai Chi

a self-paced form of exercise often described as "meditation in motion" because it promotes serenity

30

endorphins

morphinelike substances released from the pituitary gland during prolonged aerobic exercise and though to induce feelings of euphoria and natural well-being