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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (75)
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1

skill-related Fitness

fitness components important for success in skillful activities and athletic events

2

skill-related Fitness

components

agility
balance
coordination
power
speed
reaction time

3

agility

the ability to quickly and efficiently change body position and direction

4

agility test

SEMO agility test
measures general body agility

5

Balance

the ability to maintain the body in proper equilibrium

6

balance test

one-foot stand test
measures static balance

7

coordination

the integration of the nervous and muscular systems to produce correct, graceful and harmonious body movements

8

coordination test

soda test
assess overall motor or muscular control and movement time

9

power

the ability to produce the maximum force in the shortest time

9

Power

2 components

Speed and force (strength)

10

power test

standing long jump
measure leg power

11

reaction time

the time required to initiate a response to a given stimuli

12

reaction time test (preferred hand)

yardstick test
measure hand reaction time in response to visual stimuli

13

speed

the ability to rapidly propel the body or a part of the body from one point to another

14

speed test

50 yard dash
measure speed

15

endorphins

morphinelike substances released from the pituitary gland during prolonged aerobic exercise and though to induce feelings of euphoria and natural well-being

16

Do people get a physical high during aerobic exercise?

during vigorous exercise endorphins are released

17

Can people with asthma exercise?

yes
need proper medications from doctor prior to exercise
should not exercise alone and should carry meds

18

What type of activities are recommended for people with arthritis?

combined stretching, aerobic and strength training program

19

what precautions should people with diabetes take with respect to exercise

need doctor approval and need to be under control
never exercise alone
wear bracelet
take insulin as required

20

Type 1 diabetes

Insulin dependent diabetes
Autoimmune relates disease found primarily in young people
Pancreas produces little or no insulin

21

Type 2 diabetes

Accounts for 90% of all diabetes
Mainly in overweight people
Pancreas does not produce enough insulin or cells become insulin resistant
Exercise helps in prevention and treatment

22

Biggest concern for people with diabetes is

Exercise induced hypoglycemia

23

Hypoglycemia symptoms

Weakness
Confusion
Shakiness
Tiredness
Hunger
Headache

24

type 2 diabetes

aerobic exercise

intensity- moderate 40-60% VO2Max
duration- no less than 150 minutes per week or 30 minutes per day for 5 days per week
mode-any type
frequency - at least 3 times per week, 5 times best

25

type 2 diabetes

resistance training

intensity- 50-80% 1RM
sets- minimum of 1 set to near fatigue of 5-10 exercises
frequency- minimum 2 per week, 3 best

26

type 2 diabetes

additional guidelines

-check blood glucose before and after exercise
-if on insulin, monitor at least twice within 30 minutes of starting exercise
-exercise 1-3 hours after a meal

27

is exercise safe during pregnancy?

yes, exercise is beneficial during pregnancy
regular, moderate level physical activity

28

does exercise help relieve dysmenorrhea?

no, but it has been shown to relieve menstrual cramps because it improves circulation to the uterus

29

dysmenorrhea

painful menstruation