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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (33)
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1

physiological Age

the biological and functional capacity as it should be in relation to the person's maximal potential at any given age in lifespan

2

functional capacity

the ability to perform ordinary and usual demands of daily living without limitations or excessive fatigue or injury

3

chronological age

calendar age

4

life expectancy

how many years a person is expected to live

5

conventional western medicine

traditional medical practice based on methods that are tested through rigorous scientific trials

6

allopathic medicine

conventional western medicine

7

primary care physician

medical practitioner who provides routine treatment of ailments; typically the patients first contact with health care

8

osteopath

medical practitioner with specialized training in musculoskeletal problems who uses diagnostic and therapeutic methods of conventional medicine in addition to manipulative methods

9

dentists

practitioners who specialize in diseases of the teeth, gums and oral cavity

10

oral surgeons

dentists who specialize in surgical procedures of the oral-facial complex

11

orthodontists

dentists who specialize in the correction and prevention of tooth irregularities

12

ophthalmologists

medical specialists concerned with diseases of the eye and prescription of corrective lenses

13

optometrists

health care practitioners who specialize in the prescription and adaptation of lenses

14

physician assistant

health care practitioners trained to treat most standard cases of care

15

nurses

health care practitioners who assist in the diagnosis and treatment of health problems and provide many services to patients in a variety of settings

16

complementary and alternative medicine

CAM - group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered part of conventional medicine

17

complementary and alternative medicine

also called

unconventional
nonallopathic
integrative medicine

18

CAM therapies classified into 3 categories

-natural products
-mind-body medicine
-manipulative and body-based practices

19

natural products

herbal medicines, vitamins and minerals
most common fish oil

20

mind-body medicine

focuses on the interaction among the brain, mind, body, and behavior
-Yoga, meditation, acupuncture

21

manipulative and body-based practices

focuses on the structures and systems of the body to include bones and joints, soft tissue and circulatory and lymph systems
-massage and spinal manipulation

22

acupuncture

Chinese medical system that requires body piercing with fine needles during therapy to relieve pain and treat ailments and disease

23

chiropractics

health care system that proposes many diseases and ailments are related to misalignments of the vertebrae and emphasizes manipulation of the spinal column

24

herbal medicine

an unconventional system that uses herbs to treat ailments and disease

25

homeopathy

system of treatments based on the use of minute quantities of remedies that in large amounts produce effects similar to the disease being treated

26

naturopathic medicine

unconventional system of medicine that relies exclusively on natural remedies to treat disease and ailments

27

ayurveda

Hindu system of medicine based on herbs, diet, massage, meditation and yoga to help the body boost its natural healing process

28

magnetic therapy

unconventional treatment that relies on magnetic energy to promote healing

29

massage therapy

the rubbing or kneading of body parts to treat ailments

30

integrative medicine

the combination of the practices and methods of alternative medicine with conventional western medicine