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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (24)
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1

one hour of tv equals

22 minute decrease in life expectancy

2

9 barriers to change

gratification
complexity
illusions of invincibility
lack of core values
procrastination
preconditioned cultural belief
risk complacency
indifference and helplessness
rationalization

3

self-efficacy

belief in the ability to perform a given task

4

locus of control

a concept examining the extent to which a person believes he or she can influence the external environment

5

3 impediments that can keep people from taking action

lack of competence
lack of confidence
lack of motivation

6

5 step process to change behavior

-stopping the negative behavior
-preventing a relapse to a negative behavior
-developing a positive behavior
-strengthening a positive behavior
-maintaining a positive behavior

7

behavior change theories

learning theories
problem-solving models
social cognitive theory
relapse prevention model
humanistic change theory
transtheoretical model

8

learning theories

most behaviors are learned and maintained under complex schedules of reinforcement and anticipated outcomes

9

problem-solving models

that many behaviors are the result of making decisions as we seek to change problem behaviors

10

social cognitive theory

behavior change is influenced by the environment, self-efficacy and the characteristics of the behavior

11

relapse prevention model

people are taught to anticipate high risk situations and develop action plans to prevent lapses and relapses

12

humanistic change theory

development of personal goals

13

transtheoretical model

that change is accomplished through a series of progressive stages in keeping with a person's readiness to change

14

transtheoretical model

6 steps

precontemplation
contemplation
preparation
action
maintenance
relapse

15

precontemplation

unwilling to change

16

contemplation

considering change in next 6 months

17

preparation

is getting ready to make change in next month

18

action

actively changing the negative behavior or adopting a new healthy behavior

19

maintenance

maintains behavior for up to 5 years

20

relapse

to slip or fall back into unhealthy behaviors

21

processes of change

first 7 of 14

consciousness raising
social liberation
self-analysis
emotional arousal
positive outlook
commitment
behavior analysis

22

processes of change

8- 14

goals
self-reevaluation
countering
monitoring
environment control
helping relationships
rewards

23

smart goals

specific
measurable
acceptable
realistic
time-specific

24

objectives

steps to reach a goal