Chapter 10 Key Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Key Terms Deck (43):
1

any behavior intended to harm another person who is motivated to avoid the harm

aggression

2

any behavior that intentionally harms a substitute target rather than the provacateur

displaced aggression

3

any behavior that intentionally harms another person who is physically present

direct aggression

4

any behavior that intentionally harms another person who is physically absent

indirect aggression

5

hot, impulsive, angry behavior motivated by a desire to harm someone

hostile (reactive) aggression

6

cold, premeditated, calculated harmful behavior that is a means to some practical or material end

instrumental (proactive) aggression

7

aggression that has as its goal extreme physical harm, such as injury or death

violence

8

behavior that either damages interpersonal relationships or is culturally undesirable

antisocial behavior

9

an innate (inborn, biologically programmed) tendency to seek a particular goal, such as food, water, or sex

instinct

10

in Freudian theory, the constructive, life-giving instinct

eros

11

in Freudian theory, the destructive, death instinct

thanatos

12

observing and copying or imitating the behavior of others

modeling

13

proposal that "the occurrence of aggressive behavior always presupposes the existence of frustration" and "the existence of frustration always leads to some form of aggression"

frustration-aggression hypothesis

14

blockage of or interference with a personal goal

frustration

15

the tendency to perceive ambiguous actions by others as aggressive

hostile attribution bias

16

the tendency to perceive social interactions in general as being aggressive

hostile perception bias

17

the tendency to assume that people will react to potential conflicts with aggression

hostile expectation bias

18

a response to stress that involves aggressing against others or running away

fight or flight syndrome

19

a response to stress that involves nurturing others and making friends

tend and befriend syndrome

20

behavior that involves intentionally harming another person's social relationships, feelings of acceptance, or inclusion within a group

relational aggression

21

persistent aggression by a perpetrator against a victim for the purpose of establishing a power relationship over the victim

bullying

22

the use of the internet (e.g. email, social networking sites, blogs) to bully others

cyberbullying

23

violence that occurs within the home or family, between people who have a close relationship with each other

domestic violence

24

the increase in aggression that occurs as a result of the mere presence of a weapon

weapons effect

25

the number of people in a given area

density

26

the subjective and unpleasant feeling that there are too many people in a given area

crowding

27

the male sex hormone, high levels of which have been linked to aggression and violence in both animals and humans

testosterone

28

the "feel good" neurotransmitter, low levels of which have been linked to aggression and violence in both animals and humans

serotonin

29

an addictive stimulant drug obtained from the leaves of the coca plant

cocaine

30

according to Malaysian culture, refers to behavior of a young man who becomes "uncontrollably" violent after receiving a blow to his ego

running amok

31

a society that places high value on individual respect, strength and virtue, and accepts and justifies violent action in response to threats to one's honor

culture of honor

32

killing another individual who has brought "dishonor" to the family (e.g. a woman who has committed adultery)

honor killing

33

a state of disgrace or loss of self-respect (or of respect from others)

humiliation

34

not telling the truth

lying

35

socially unacceptable words such as profanity or swear words; speech that constitutes sexual harassment or discrimination, hate speech, and verbally abusive words

taboo words

36

to claim that ideas or words of another person as one's own without crediting that person

plagiarize

37

using someone's personal information (e.g. social security number) in order to obtain money or credit from their bank accounts

identity theft

38

a sense of anonymity and loss of individuality, as in a large group, making people especially likely to engage in antisocial behaviors such as theft

deindividuation

39

social standards that prescribe what people ought to do

norms

40

norms that specify what most others approve or disapprove of

injunctive norms

41

norms that specify what most people do

descriptive norms

42

the unpleasant emotional response people experience when someone is trying to restrict their freedom to engage in a desired behavior

psychological reactance

43

proposal that signs of disorder such as broken windows, litter, and graffiti induce other antisocial behaviors

broken windows theory