Chapter 14 Key Terms Flashcards Preview

Social Psychology > Chapter 14 Key Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Key Terms Deck (18):
1

a collection of at least 2 people who are doing or being something together

group

2

the loss of self-awareness and of individual accountability in a group

deindividuation

3

concern about how others are evaluating your performance

evaluation apprehension

4

the most common response in a given situation

dominant response

5

proposition that the presence of others increases the dominant response tendency

social facilitation theory

6

individuals who regard themselves as better than others and are constantly trying to win the admiration of others

narcissists

7

the finding that people reduce effort when working in a group, compared to when working alone

social loafing

8

the idea that one social loafer can cause other people to loaf as well

bad apple effect

9

the finding that people will sometimes sacrifice their own gain for the betterment of all, by punishing people who cheat the system

altruistic punishment

10

the tendency for shared or jointly owned resources to be squandered and not used in an optimal or advantageous fashion

commons dilemma

11

a form of creative thinking in groups, using a procedure in which all group members are encouraging to generate as many ideas as possible

brainstorming

12

a process by which members of a small group remember different kinds of information

transactive memory

13

the tendency of group members to think alike

groupthink

14

choosing not to express doubts or other information that goes against a group's plans and views

self-censorship

15

a tendency for groups to take greater risks than the same individuals (on average) would have decided to take individually

risky shift

16

a shift toward a more extreme position resulting from group discussion

group polarization effect

17

one person's control over another person

power

18

explanations used to justify why people in power deserve to be in power

legitimizing myths