Chapter 10 - Sexuality And Gender Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Sexuality And Gender Deck (20)
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1
Q

Primary sex characteristics

A
  • Sexual organs present at birth and directly involved in human reproduction.
2
Q

Secondary sex characteristics

A
  • Sexual organs and traits that develop at puberty and are indirectly involved in human reproduction.
3
Q

Vagina

A
  • Tube that leads from the outside of a females body to the opening of the womb.
4
Q

Uterus

A
  • Womb in which baby grows during pregnancy.
5
Q

Penis

A
  • organ through which makes urinate and which delivers the male sex cells or sperm.
6
Q

Scrotum

A
  • External sac that holds the testes
7
Q

Prostate gland

A
  • Gland that secretes most of the fluid holding the male sex cells or sperm
8
Q

Menarche

A
  • First menstrual cycle, the monthly shedding of the blood and tissue that line the uterus in preparation for pregnancy when conception does not occur.
9
Q

Orgasm

A

A series of rhythmic contractions of the muscles of the vaginal walls or the penis, also the third and shortest phase of sexual response.

10
Q

Semen

A
  • Fluid releases from the penis at orgasm that contains the sperm.
11
Q

Resolution

A
  • The final phase of the sexual response in which the body is returned to a normal state.
12
Q

Refractory period

A
  • time period in males just after orgasm in which the male cannot become aroused to another orgasm.
13
Q

Four stages of sexual response cycle

A
  1. Excitement - beginning of sexual arousal and can last anywhere from 1 minute to several hours.
  2. Plateau - second phase where physical changes that began in the first are continued.
  3. Orgasm - third phase - shortest - series of rhythmic muscular contractions known as orgasms.
  4. Resolution - final phase - body returns to normal state.
14
Q

Acquired immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

A
  • Sexually transmitted viral disorder that causes deterioration of the immune system and eventually results in death due to complicating infections that the body can no longer fight.
15
Q

Chlamydia

A
  • Bacterial infection that grows within the body’s cells.

- symptoms - swollen testicles, discharge, burning during urination; women may experience no symptoms.

16
Q

Syphilis

A
  • Bacterial infection

- Symptoms - Sores that appear on or in the genital area and can spread to other body parts and the brain.

17
Q

Gonorrhea

A
  • Bacterial infection that grows rapidly in warm, moist areas of the body (mouth, anus, throat, genitalia)
  • Symptoms - In men, a foul-smelling, cloudy discharge from the penis, burning up I urination; in women, inflamed cervix, light vaginal discharge.
18
Q

Genital herpes

A
  • Herpes simplex virus
  • Symptoms - sores on the genital area; Itching, burning, throbbing, “pins-and-needles” sensations where sores are about to appear.
19
Q

Genital warts

A
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)

- Symptoms- Warty growths on the genitalia

20
Q

AIDS

A
  • Human immunodeficiency virus

- Symptoms-Severe malfunction and eventual breakdown of the immune system.