Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (34):
What was the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry?
The Industrial Revolution
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin in America?
What is capitalism?
The Economic System of the US where individuals put capital into a business in hopes of making a profit
What is money used for an investment?
What is a system where people are free to buy, sell, and produce what they want and can work where they wish?
Free Enterprise System / Free Market System
What sets the prices of goods in a free enterprise system?
Supply & Demand
What is technology?
Scientific discoveries that simplify work.
What gives inventors legal rights to their inventions?
Who invented the Cotton Gin?
Who opened the first textile mill in the US?
What happened to demand for cotton as a result of textile mill growth in New England?
It went up
What was the cause of the growth of cities and towns in the North?
The growth of factories.
What is the difference between urban and rural?
Urban - Cities
Rural - Country
How did Pioneers usually migrate west?
What were the three things necessary for Western Expansion in the United States?
Roads, Steamboats, and Canals
Who was the first permanent European settler in modern day Tennessee?
Why was the Cumberland Gap important to the Wilderness Road?
It made passing the Appalachian Mntns Easier
What was the importance of the Wilderness Road to the development of Tennessee?
It made passing through the mountains easier & opened the door for more settlement
Who blazed the trail for the Wilderness Road?
What is a turnpike?
A toll road
Who created the first steamboat?
Steamboats improved the transport of what two things?
Goods & Passengers
What are artificial waterways?
Who was the President in 1817?
What was the Era of Good Feelings?
A time when political differences seemed to fade away after the War of 1812
Why did the Era of Good Feelings not last long?
Western Expansion of the US led to increased sectionalism
What is the name for showing loyalty to a region?
Who was a chief supporter of state sovereignty?
John C. Calhoun
What was Henry Clay’s system that promoted tariffs to stimulate American industry growth?
The American System
What helped preserve the balance between the North and the South?
The Missouri Compromise
What two states were involved in the Missouri Compromise?
Maine & Missouri
What was a court case over states rights that said that state governments could not have power over the national government?
McCulloch vs. Maryland
What treaty was an example of America’s military strength?
The Adams-Onis Treaty