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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (30):
0

What was the Wilmot Proviso?

A proposal that all land the US acquired from Mexico would ban slavery. (never passed)

1

Who won the Election of 1848?

Zachary Taylor

2

What was the name for the bills that dealt with slavery in the states added since the Missouri Compromise?

Compromise of 1850

3

What required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves in 1850?

The Fugitive Slave Act

4

Anyone who aided a fugitive slave could be, what two things?

Fined or Imprisoned

5

What did the enforcement of this act do?

Caused more anger in the North

6

What increased the amount of territory open to slaveholding in the U.S.?

Kansas-Nebraska Act

7

What is popular sovereignty?

Letting people decide for themselves about an issue

8

Which territory was the first to have blood shed over slavery?

Kansas

9

Who was the violent abolitionist that believed God had chosen him to end slavery?

John Brown

10

What happened in the Sumner Brooks Incident?

Sen. Charles Sumner (MA) lashed out against those who supported slavery, including Sen. Andrew Butler (SC). A few Days Later, Butler's Cousin, Rep. Brooks (SC) came into the senate chamber and hit Sumner w/ a cane until unconscious & bleeding.

11

What did Antislavery Whigs & Democrats, and Free Soilers join together to become?

The Republican Party

12

Who did Dred Scott sue?

His owner

13

What did the Dred Scott Decision do to the nation?

Divided the nation even more than it already was

14

Who was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court that ruled on the Dred Scott case?

Roger B. Taney

15

According to the Dred Scott Decision, what did the Constitution do?

Protected slavery

16

What Senate race became the center of national attention?

Illinois Senate race between Stephen A. Douglas (D) vs. Abraham Lincoln (R)

17

What party was each candidate a part of? (Illinois Senate Race)

Abraham Lincoln (R)
Stephen A. Douglas (D)

18

What was the main topic of the debates during that election? (Illinois Senate Race)

Slavery

19

Who won the Illinois Senate race?

Stephen A Douglas (D)

20

What was the name of the event when John Brown led men to attack a weapon storage facility?

The Raid on Harper's Ferry

21

What was Brown hoping to start at the Raid on Harpers Ferry?

A rebellion against slaveholders

22

After this event (Raid on Harper's Ferry), what became a rallying cry for many abolitionists?

Brown's Execution

23

What was the first state to secede from the Union?

South Carolina

24

After seven states seceded, what was formed on Feb. 4, 1861?

The Confederate States of America

25

How did the Confederate States of America justify secession?

States' Rights

26

Who was the first President of the CSA?

Jefferson Davis

27

Whose hands did President Lincoln say the possibility of war was in?

The People

28

Confederate guns opened fire on what on April 12, 1861?

Fort Sumter (Charleston, South Carolina)

29

What event marked the beginning of the Civil War?

The Attack on Fort Sumter