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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (35):
0

What is a bicameral legislature?

Bicameral means 2 houses

1

What is a gov’t in which citizen rule through elected representatives?

A Republic

2

What was America’s 1st constitution?

The Articles of Confederation (1777)

3

When was America's first constitution adopted (Month and Year)?

November 1777

4

How many votes did each state get in Congress under the AoC?

One

5

Why was the AoC unsuccessful?

The government it provided was not strong enough to handle all of the problems of the country.

6

What created one territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi River?

The Northwest Ordinance

7

The Northwest Ordinance was a _______ of ________ for the new settlers.

Bill of Rights

8

The Northwest Ordinance was the first attempt to stop the spread of what?

Slavery

9

What is the name of the state in modern Northeast Tennessee that tried to become the 14th state in America?

The State of Franklin

10

What year did Tennessee become a state and what number state was it?

1796 It was the 16th state

11

What is a depression?

A period when economic activity slows and unemployment rises

12

What was Shays’ Rebellion?

An uprising by Massachusetts farmers to fight the government's taxes on poor farmers

13

What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?

The Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan

14

What combined those two plans and established the model for Congress that is used to this day?

The Great Compromise

15

What is the Three Fifths Compromise?

Allowed Southern States to count slaves as 3/5 of a person 

16

Where would the southern states gain more delegates due to the Three Fifths Compromise?

In the House of Representatives

17

What was a Federalist?

People that supported the Constitution

18

What was a book of essays that supported the Constitution?

The Federalist Papers

19

What is an amendment?

Changes to the Constitution

20

What became the standard for passing a law in Congress? ____ out of _____ States

9 out of 13

21

What is the supreme law of the land?

The Constitution

22

What was James Madison considered to be the father of?

The Constitution (He wrote the Virginia Plan)

23

Who was an influential writer from the Enlightenment who believed every person had natural rights?

John Locke

24

What type of system states that power should be shared between the national and state level gov’ts?

Federal System (Federalism)

25

What is the final authority in a federal system?

The Constitution

26

What are the 3 branches of gov’t as stated in the Constitution?

Legislative
Executive
Judicial

27

Which branch makes laws and consists of Congress?

The Legislative Branch

28

Which branch carries out the laws?

The Executive Branch

29

What did the Constitution have the AoC did not have? (Hint: Chief Executive)

A President

30

What power does the President have to check Congress?

The Power of Veto

31

Who elects the President of the United States?

The Electoral College

32

Which branch interprets laws and makes decisions based on the Constitution?

The Judicial Branch

33

What is the most distinctive feature of our gov’t?

The System of Checks and Balances (Separation of Powers)

34

Why did the Constitution provide a system of Checks and Balances?

To keep one branch from gaining too much power.