Chapter 11 - Interest Groups & Social Movements Flashcards Preview

American Government > Chapter 11 - Interest Groups & Social Movements > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11 - Interest Groups & Social Movements Deck (11):
1

Interest group

Any group other than a political party that is organized to influence the government

2

Lobbying

An attempt to influence public officials by
speaking to them directly or by pressuring them through their constituents

3

Inside lobbying

Activities by lobbyists and interest group leaders that involve direct contact with policy makers

4

Outside lobbying

Activities by interest group leaders that seek to mobilize constituents and others outside the policymaking community to contact or pressure policy makers

5

Latent interest

A concern shared by a group of people on which they have not yet chosen to act collectively

6

By-product

A political activity conducted by groups whose principal organizational purpose is the pursuit of some nonpolitical goal

7

Selective incentive

A benefit that a group can offer to potential members in exchange for participation as a way to encourage that involvement

8

Special donor

A potential participant in a group for whom the cost of participating is very low and/or the benefits of participating are very high

9

Entrepreneur

A leading group participant who is so committed to the group’s goals, and/ or so skilled in the pursuit of those goals, that he or she does not need selective incentives

10

Social movement

A loose coalition of groups and organizations with common goals that are oriented toward using mass action to influence the government

11

Pluralism

A view of the American political system that
emphasizes the fact that a large number of diverse interest groups are involved in the political process, and that any given group may be influential on some occasions and not on others