Chapter 17 - Foreign Policy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 - Foreign Policy Deck (15):
1

Foreign policy

Government actions affecting a countries relationships with another country

2

Realism

A philosophy about international politics based on the assumption that countries primarily seek to increase their own power relative to other countries

3

Idealism

A philosophy about international politics based on the assumption that countries have common interests and can work effectively together, often through international organizations

4

Internationalism

An approach to foreign policy that advocates for a country to engage actively with other countries and become involved in international organizations

5

Isolationism

An approach to foreign policy that advocates for a country to stay out of international affairs

6

Unilateralism

An approach to foreign policy that is informed primarily by a nation's own interest and means, relying little on the approval or support of other nations

7

Multilateralism

An approach to foreign policy that considers and depends on the perspectives and resources of other nations

8

Democratic peace

The observation that historically it has been extremely rare for democracies to fight wars with other democracies

9

Bargaining

Actors (countries) advance their own while working toward a specific common objective with other actors (countries)

10

Monroe Doctrine

Enunciated in 1823 by president James Monroe, the notion that the United States could claim the entire Western Hemisphere as its exclusive sphere of influence

11

Diplomacy

Peaceful negotiations and interactions amongst countries

12

Soft power

The use of nonmilitary pressure, such as economic sanctions, diplomatic isolation, or public shaming, against another country

13

Military action

The organized use of deadly force by a government

14

War Powers Act

Legislation passed in 1973 requiring the president to notify Congress and seek its approval within 48 hours after ordering military action

15

Bush Doctrine

An approach to the American Foreign policy developed during the George W. Bush administration that advocates preventing terrorism through active intervention in foreign countries, including pressure and even invading countries and using military force where the operate and train; the doctrine also advocates maintaining a stronger military than any other country