Chapter 12 - Political Parties Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Political Parties Deck (13):
1

Political party

A group of candidates and elected officials organized under a common label for the purpose of attaining positions of public authority

2

National committee

Officials who oversee the operation of their party nationwide

3

National party convention

The meeting where the party formally nominates its presidential candidate

4

Party professional

A person who works directly for the party, is loyal to its goal of winning elections, and stays with it over long periods through multiple election cycles

5

Party amateur

An issue activist who is mostly interested in
specific policy areas and works for the party, or for the specific politicians within the party, to advance these goals

6

Smoke-filled room

A situation in which party elites make important decisions away from the scrutiny or influence of party membership

7

Primary election

An election held before Election Day to allow voters to select which candidates will appear on the ballot under a party label

8

Party identification

A psychological attachment or loyalty to a political party

9

Political machine

A local organization that controls the city or county government to such an extent that it can reward whole neighborhoods, wards, and precincts, or other groups with benefits such as jobs and government programs, in return for supporting the party’s candidates

10

New Deal Party System

A political alliance between southern Democrats, big city Democrats, rural voters, and African Americans that endured for several decades after the election of Franklin Roosevelt in 1932

11

Duverger’s Law

A regularity that only two parties tend to compete for control of the government in countries that have single-member, plurality
electoral systems

12

Party discipline

The tendency for members of a legislative party to vote as a bloc

13

Confidence vote

A vote held in a parliamentary system that, if it fails, brings on an election and possibly a new set of party leaders