Chapter 6 - The Presidency Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - The Presidency Deck (16):
1

Spoils system

The practice of rewarding loyal partisans with government positions after they demonstrate their support during an election.

2

Divided government

A government in which the president is from a different party than the majority in Congress.

3

Unified government

A government in which the president is from the same party as the majority in Congress

4

Going public

Action taken by a president to communicate directly with the people, usually through a press conference, radio broadcast, or televised speech, in order to influence public opinion and put pressure on Congress

5

Administrative law

The body of law created by executive agencies with the purpose of refining general law passed in legislation

6

Pocket veto

A veto that occurs automatically if a president does not sign a bill for 10 days after passage in Congress and Congress has adjourned during that 10-day period

7

Veto threat

A public statement issued by the president declaring that if Congress passes a particular bill that the president dislikes it will ultimately be vetoed

8

Executive order

An official means by which the president can instruct federal agencies on how to execute the laws passed by Congress

9

Executive agreement

An agreement between the United States and one or more foreign countries. Because it is not a formal treaty, it does not need Senate approval

10

Signing statement

A public statement written by the president and attached to a particular bill to outline the
president’s interpretation of the legislation

11

Parliamentary democracy

A form of democracy in which the executive is elected by the legislature and government is responsible to the legislature

12

Presidential system

A form of democracy in which the executive is elected independently and the government is not responsible to the legislature

13

Mixed presidential system

A form of democracy in which the executive is elected independently and shares responsibility for the government with the
legislature

14

Line-item veto

A partial veto that allows the executive to
strike specific passages from a given bill

15

Special prosecutor

Independent, private-sector counsel hired by Congress to investigate government officials

16

Impeachment

Process by which the House of Representatives formally charges a federal government official with “Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors”