Flashcards in Chapter 11-The Endocrine System:Glands Deck (32):
What gland is located in the neck, slightly below the larynx?
What are four disorders of the thyroid gland?
Where are the islets of Langerhans located?
What hormones do the islets of Langerhans produce?
What is a disorder of the islets of Langerhans?
What hormones do the thyroid gland produce?
What kind if glands sit like small caps on top of the kidneys?
What hormones do the adrenal glands produce?
What kind of adrenal hormone enters your blood in increased amounts when you are excited or alarmed?
What is the hormone epinephrine is commonly known as?
What kind of hormone of the adrenal gland differs from other hormones in that they are not protein compounds but, instead, are special lipid molecules?
What hormone of the adrenal glands is a steroid hormone, and stimulates the body to repair itself following an injury or stress?
What hormone of the adrenal glands is a steroid hormone, and stimulates the kidney to conserve sodium and secrete potassium?
What are the reproductive organs?
What are the reproductive organs in males called?
What are the reproductive organs in females called?
What is the hormone produced by the ovaries in females called?
What is the hormone produced by the testes in males called?
A primary function of the sex hormones is to promote the production of ____________: eggs and sperms.
What is the time when a person is becoming sexually mature?
What are the changes in adolescence that include such things as the growth of hair on the face and body, a deepening of the voice in males, and an enlargement of the breasts in females?
Secondary sex characteristics
What is the gland that lies between the cerebral hemispheres of the brain, and its primary function seems to be the regulation of the body's waking and sleeping cycles?
What hormone does the pineal gland produce?
What hormone triggers the autonomic nervous system to relax, slows the activity of the reticular formation, and causes other changes that make you feel sleepy?
What gland is embedded in the nasal cavity, and is sometimes called the "master gland" because it affects the other endocrine gland?
What hormones does the pituitary gland produce?
What hormone of the pituitary gland is also called the growth hormone, and regulates skeletal growth?
What is a hormone of the pituitary gland which affect the development of the reproductive organs?
What are some disorders of the pituitary glands' hormone, somatotropin?
What is a disorder of the pituitary glands' hormone, somatotropin, that happens when too much of this hormone is produced during the growing years and a person may grow seven to nine feet tall?
What is a disorder of the pituitary glands' hormone, somatotropin, that happens when too little somatotropin is produced during childhood and someone may develop into a well-proportioned little person?