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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (11):
1

culture

the behavior, patterns, beliefs, and all other
products of a particular group of people that are passed on from generation to generation.

2

thnocentrism

a tendency to favor one’s own group over other groups

3

cross-cultural studies

studies that compare a culture with one or more other cultures - such studies provide information about the degree to which development in adolescents and emerging adults is similar, or universal, across cultures, or about the degree to which it is culture-specific

4

individualism

emphasizes values that serve the self and gives priority to personal goals rather than group goals

5

collectivism

emphasizes values that serve the group by subordinating personal goals to preserve group integrity

6

rites of passage

ceremonies or rituals that mark an individual’s transition from one status to another, such as the entry into adulthood

7

socioeconomic status (SES)

refers to a grouping of people with similar occupational, educational, and economic characteristics

8

feminization of poverty

term reflecting the fact that far more women than men live in poverty; likely causes include women’s low income, divorce,
and the resolution of divorce cases by the judicial system, which leaves women with less money than they and their children need to function adequately

9

ethnicity

a dimension of culture based on cultural
heritage, national characteristics, race, religion, and language

10

prejudice

an unjustified negative attitude toward
an individual because of the individual’s
membership in a group

11

internet

the core of computer-mediated
communication - the Internet system is worldwide and connects thousands of computer networks, providing an incredible array of information—both positive and negative—that adolescents can access