Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (11):
1

gender

the characteristics of people as males or
females

2

gender role

a set of expectations that prescribes how females and males should think, act, and feel

3

social role theory

theory stating that gender differences mainly result from the contrasting roles of females and males, with females having less power and status and controlling fewer resources than males

4

social cognitive theory of gender

theory emphasizing that children’s and adolescents’ gender development occurs through observation and imitation of gender behavior, and through rewards and punishments they experience for gender appropriate and gender inappropriate behavior

5

gender schema theory

theory stating that an individual’s attention and behavior are guided by an internal motivation to conform to gender-based
sociocultural standards and stereotypes - females are often portrayed in sexually provocative ways on MTV and in rock videos

6

gender stereotypes

broad categories that reflect our impressions and beliefs about females and males

7

rapport talk

the language of conversation, establishing connections and negotiating relationships

8

repport talk

talk that gives information; public speaking is an example

9

androgyny

the presence of a high degree of desirable feminine and masculine characteristics in
the same individual

10

gender transcendence

the belief that, when an individual’s competence is at issue, it should be conceptualized not on the basis of masculinity, femininity, or androgyny but on a person basis

11

gender intensification hypothesis

hypothesis stating that psychological and behavioral differences between boys and girls become greater during early adolescence because of increased
socialization pressure to conform to masculine and feminine gender roles