Flashcards in Chapter 14 Corrected Deck (28)
The largest portion of the brain, composed of the cerebral hemispheres, includes the cerebral cortex, the basal nuclei, and the internal capsule.
The posterior portion of the mesencephalon, containing the cerebellar hemispheres, includes the arbor vitae, cerebellar nuclei, and cerebellar cortex.
The portion of the metencephalon that is anterior to the cerebellum.
The most caudal of the brain regions, also called the myelencephalon.
A division of the brain that includes the epithalamus, thalamus, and hypothalamus.
The midbrain; the region between the diencephalon and pons.
A fluid-filled chamber; in the heart, one of the large chambers discharging blood into the pulmonary or systemic circuits; in the brain, one of four fluid-filled interior chambers.
The isolation of the central nervous system from the general circulation; primarily the result of astrocyte regulation of capillary permeabilities.
The floor of the diencephalon; the region of the brain containing centers involved with the subconscious regulation of visceral functions, emotions, drives, and the coordination of neural and endocrine function.
A pair of expanded portions of the cerebrum covered in neural cortex.
The nerve fiber bundles on the ventrolateral surfaces of the mesencephalon.
The group of nuclei and centers in the cerebrum and diencephalon that are involved with emotional states, memories, and behavioral drives.
A prominent fold or ridge of neural cortex on the surfaces of the cerebral hemispheres.
A groove or furrow.
An elongated groove or opening.
Some of the neurons in the general interpretive area innervate here, also called the Broca area or the motor speech area. this center lies along the edge of the premotor cortex in the same hemisphere as the general interpretive area.
A printed record of the brain's electrical activity over time.
The first pair of cranial nerves, carry special sensory information responsible for the sense of smell.
The second cranial nerve, which carries signals from the retina of the eye to the optic chiasm.
Cranial nerve III, which controls the extra-ocular muscles other than the superior oblique and the lateral rectus muscles.
Cranial nerve IV, controlling the superior oblique muscle of the eye.
Cranial Nerve V, which provides sensory information from the lower portions of the face (including the upper and lower jaws) and delivers motor commands to the muscles of mastication.
Cranial nerve VI, which innervates the lateral rectus muscle of the eye.
Are mixed nerves. The cell bodies of sensory neurons are located in the geniculate ganglia, and the motor nuclei are in the pons.
Are also known as the acoustic nerves, the auditory nerves, and the state-acoustic nerves.
Cranial nerve IX. Innervates the tongue and pharynx.
Arise immediately posterior to the attachment of the glossopharyngeal nerves.