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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (28):
1

Supports the limbs; Pertaining to the upper and lower limbs.

Appendicular Skeleton

2

forms the longitudinal axis of the body, supports and protects the brain.

Axial Skeleton

3

Protect the brain and guard the entrances to the digestive and respiratory systems.

Skull

4

The braincase; the skull bones that surround and protect the brain.

Cranium

5

Protect and support the entrances to the digestive and respiratory tracts.

Facial Bones

6

Septum wall, subdivides the nasal cavity.

Nasal Septum

7

A chamber or hollow in a tissue; a large, dilated vein; air filled chambers in the brain.

Sinuses

8

A fibrous joint between flat bones of the skull.

Sutures

9

Inferior to the squamous portion, articulates with the temporal process of the zygomatic bone.

Zygomatic Process

10

On the inferior surface, arks the site of articulation with the mandible.

Mandibular Fossa

11

An attachment site for muscles that rotate or extend the head.

Mastoid Process

12

The bones of the middle ear; malleus, incus, and stapes.

Auditory Ossicles

13

Inflammation and congestion of the sinuses.

Sinusitis

14

A bent nasal septum that slows or prevents sinus drainage.

Deviated Septum

15

A Painful condition resulting from a misalignment of the mandible at the temporomandibular joint.

TMJ Syndrome

16

An injury causes by displacement of the cervical vertebrae during a sudden change in body position.

Whiplash

17

A relatively soft, flexible, fibrous region between two flat bones in the developing skull.

Fontanelles

18

Tailbone, beneath the sacrum.

Sacrum

19

The terminal portion of the spinal column, consisting of relatively tiny, fused vertebrae.

Coccyx

20

The bony recess of the skull that contains the eyeball.

Orbit

21

C1-C7 constitute the neck and extend inferiorly to the trunk.

Cervical Vertebrae

22

T1-T12 form the superior portion of the back; each articulates with one or more pairs of ribs.

Thoracic Vertebrae

23

L1-L5 form the inferior portion of the back; the fifth articulates with the sacrum.

Lumbar Vertebrae

24

A bending backward or "swayback," both the abdomen and buttocks protrude abnormally.

Lordosis

25

Humbacked, bent, the normal thoracic curvature becomes exaggerated posteriorly, producing a "round-vack" appearance.

Kyphosis

26

Crookedness, an abnormal lateral curvature of true spine.

Scoliosis

27

A fibrous cartilage pad between the bodies of successive vertebrae that absorbs shocks.

Intervertebral Discs

28

Ribs 8-12, they do not attach directly to the sternum.

False Ribs