Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (32):
Surface features, can yield an abundance of anatomical information.
The shaft of a long bone.
The head of a long bone.
The region of a long bone between the epiphysis and diaphysis, corresponding to the location of the epiphyseal cartilage of the developing bone.
The space within a bone that contains the marrow.
The outer layer or portion of an organ or bone.
Calcium phosphate interacts with calcium hydroxide to form crystals of this.
A bone cell responsible for the maintenance and turnover of the mineral content of the surrounding bone.
Concentric layers; the concentric lairs of bone within an osteon.
Microscopic passageways between cell.
A cell that produces the fibers and matrix of bone.
The process of producing new bone matrix.
The organic matrix before calcium salts are deposited.
A cell that dissolves the fibers and matrix of bone.
The basic histological unit of compact bone, consisting of osteocytes organized around a central canal and separated by concentric lamellae.
A connective tissue partition that subdivides an organ.
Responsible for blood cell formation.
Red Bone Marrow
Adipose tissue important as an energy reserve.
Yellow Bone Marrow
The layer that surrounds a bone, consisting of an outer fibrous region and inner cellular region.
An incomplete cellular lining on the inner surfaces of bones.
The formation of bone.
The deposition of calcium salts within a tissue.
The conversion of a cartilaginous model to bone.
The cartilage pad that covers the surface of a bone inside a joint cavity.
The cartilaginous region between the epiphysis and the diaphysis of a growing bone.
The former location of the epiphyseal cartilage is detectable in x-rays is known as this. It remains after epiphyseal growth has ended.
The organic and mineral components of the bone matrix are continuously being recycled and renewed through this process.
A large blood clot.
An enlarged collar of cartilage and bone, forms and encircles a bone tat the level of the fracture.
Organizes within the medullary cavity and between the broken ends of the shaft.
When the reduction in bone mass is sufficient to compromise normal function.