Chapter 14 Powerpoint pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

CRJ 130 Survey of Criminal Law > Chapter 14 Powerpoint pt. 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Powerpoint pt. 1 Deck (21):
1

According to ______ __ _________, white-collar crime is defined as an offense committed by a “person of respectability and high social status in the course of his [or her] occupation.”

Edwin H. Sutherland

2

According to Edwin H. Sutherland, _____-______ crime is defined as an offense committed by a “person of respectability and high social status in the course of his [or her] occupation.”

white-collar

3

According to Edwin H. Sutherland, white-collar crime is defined as an offense committed by a “person of ___________ and high social _______ in the course of his [or her] occupation.”

respectability
status

4

_____-______ crime offenses are typically committed in the regular course of business in an effort to make or save money.

White-collar

5

What type of crime is one of the most active areas of federal prosecution?

White-collar crime

6

True or False: Despite the fact that white-collar crime is one of the most active areas of federal prosecution, textbooks generally do not devote significant attention to the subject.

True

7

White-collar crime is based on the ______ _____ of the offenders, _______ of the crime, or specific _________ _________.

social class
nature
statutory violations

8

The FBI notes that ____________ _______ threaten the health and natural resources of the United States and that such crimes range from air and water pollution to the illegal transportation and disposal of hazardous waste

environmental crimes

9

___________ _____ threaten health and natural resources

Environmental crimes

10

Environmental crimes range from ____ and ______ pollution to the illegal transportation and disposal of ________ ______.

air
water
hazardous waste

11

Most prosecutions concerning environmental crimes are undertaken by _______ government.

federal

12

Most investigations of environmental crimes are carried out by the ____.

EPA

13

Environmental crimes threaten ______ and ______ ________.

health
natural resources

14

List the environmental laws.

(1) Refuse and Harbors Appropriations Act (1899)
(2) Water Pollution Control Act (1972)
(3) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (1976)
(4) Clean Air Act (1990)
(5) Safe Drinking Water Act (1974)
(6) Toxic Substance Control Act (1976)
(7) Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (1996)

15

Which environmental law is this: penalties for improper discharge of refuse into navigable or tributary waters?

Refuse and Harbors Appropriations Act (1899)

16

Which environmental law is this: penalties for discharge of certain pollutants beyond authorized limits, failure to clean up oil and other hazardous substances?

Water Pollution Control Act (1972)

17

Which environmental law is this: penalties for knowingly storing, making use of, or disposing of hazardous wastes without a permit?

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (1976)

18

Which environmental law is this: penalties for the knowing violation of emission standards and other related requirements?

Clean Air Act (1990)

19

Which environmental law is this: contamination of the public water system?

Safe Drinking Water Act (1974)

20

Which environmental law is this: penalties for the failure to follow standards for use of toxic chemicals in manufacturing and industry?

Toxic Substance Control Act (1976)

21

Which environmental law is this: penalties for the failure to follow standards for the manufacture, registration, transportation, and sale of toxic pesticides?

Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (1996)