Chapter 9 terms Flashcards Preview

CRJ 130 Survey of Criminal Law > Chapter 9 terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 terms Deck (19):
1

criminal defense that claims a lack of criminal responsibility based on past abuse or experiences

abuse excuse

2

a procedure for detaining psychologically troubled individuals who pose a danger to society

civil commitment

3

a defendant is competent to stand trial if he or she is able to intelligently assist his or her attorney and to follow and understand the trial

competence to stand trial

4

mental disease or defect admissible to demonstrate defendant's inability to form a criminal intent, typically limited to murder

diminished capacity

5

a crime is excused when committed to avoid what is reasonably believed to be the imminent infliction of serious physical harm or death

duress

6

a defendant's unlawful act is the product of a mental disease or defect

Durham product test

7

defense based on governmental inducement of an otherwise innocent defendant to commit a defense (subjective test) or based on governmental conduct that falls below accepted standards and would cause an innocent individual to commit a criminal offense (objective test)

entrapment

8

defenses in which defendants admit wrongful conduct while claiming a lack of legal responsibility based on a lack of a criminal intent or the involuntary nature of their acts

excuses

9

the defendant found to be guilty and mentally ill at the time of the criminal offense. The defendant is provided with psychiatric care while incarcerated. This is distinguished from a verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI)

guilty but mentally ill (GBMI)

10

ignorance of the law is no excuse

ignorantia lexis non excusat

11

at common law there was an irrebuttable presumption that children younger than seven lack criminal intent.

infancy

12

a legal excuse based on a mental disease or defect

insanity defense

13

a defense to criminal offenses where the defendant meets the standard for mental illness in the state

involuntary intoxication

14

mental disease that causes the defendant to lose the ability to choose between right and wrong and avoid engaging in criminal acts

irresistible impulse test

15

defense based on mistake of fact that negates a specific criiminal intent, knowledge, is not a defense

mistake of fact

16

an error of law, with isolated exceptions, is not a defense

mistake of law

17

a disease or defect of the mind that results in an individual's either not knowing what he or she was doing was right or wrong or not knowing what he or she was doing

M'Naghten test

18

a person is not responsible for criminal conduct, if, at the time of such conduct, as a result of mental disease or defect, the person lacks substantial capacity either to appreciate the criminality (wrongfulness) of his or her conduct or to conform his or her conduct to the requirements of law

substantial capacity test

19

defendant not helf liable for an offense involving "knowledge or purpose". Increasingly not recognized as a defense.

voluntary intoxication