Chapter 4 Terms Flashcards Preview

CRJ 130 Survey of Criminal Law > Chapter 4 Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Terms Deck (20):
1

an object within an individual's immediate physcial control or on their person

actual possession

2

a criminal act, the physical or external component of a crime

actus reus

3

no legal duty to assist or to rescue an individual in danger

American bystander rule

4

the conditions or context required for a crime

attendant circumstances

5

an individual who retains legal possession over property that is not within his or her actual control

constructive possession

6

the legal obligation to act

duty to intervene

7

a rule in Europe imposing a legal duty on individuals to assist those in peril

European bystander rule

8

temporary dominion and control over an object; typically not considered possession for purposes of criminal liability

fleeting possession

9

legislation that exempts individuals from civil liabillity who assist individuals in peril

Good Samaritan statute

10

unconscious act or automatism

involuntary act

11

several individuals exercise dominion and control over an object

joint possession

12

individual awareness of criminal possession

knowing possession

13

the mental element of a crime

mens rea

14

unknowing possession

mere possession

15

failure to act or to intervene to assist another

omission

16

physical control over property with the ability to freely use and enjoy the property

possession

17

a crime that is a step toward an even more serious offense

preparatory offense

18

requires that the act cause a very specific harm and requires a specific intent

result crime

19

offense based on personal chracteristics or condition rather than conduct that constitutes cruel and unusual punishment

status offense

20

the individual is aware and fully conscious of acting. This is distinguished from an involuntary act, unconscious act, or automatism.

voluntary act