Chapter 6 terms Flashcards Preview

CRJ 130 Survey of Criminal Law > Chapter 6 terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 terms Deck (17):
1

parties responsible for the separate and lesser offense of assisting a criminal offender to avoid apprehension, pprosexution, or conviction

accessories

2

individuals liable for assisting an offender to avoid arrest, prosecution, or punishment

accessories after the fact

3

individuals under the common law who assist an individual prior to the commission of a crime and who are not present at the scene of the crime

accessories before the fact

4

parties liable as principals before and during the commission of a crime

accomplices

5

the imposition of vicarious liability on a corporate officer or corporation

corporate liability

6

the guilt of a party to a crime based on the criminal acts of the primary party

derivative liability

7

an individual's presence at the scene of a crime generally doesn't satisfy the actus reus requirement for accomplice liability

mere presence rule

8

a person encouraging or facilitating the commission of a crime will be held liable as an accomplice for the crime he or she aided and abetted as well as for crimes that are the natural and probable outcome of the criminal conduct

natural and probable consequences doctrine

9

statutory rule that parents are responsible for the criminal acts of their children

parental responsibility laws

10

individuals liable for assisting another to commit a crime

parties to a crime

11

a conspirator is liale for all criminal acts taken in furtherance of the conspiracy

pinkerton rule

12

common law term for the actual perpertrator of a crime

principals in the first degree

13

common law term for individuals who are present at the crime scene and assist in the crime

principals in the second degree

14

liability for serving or providing alcohol to minors in the event of an accident or injury

social host liability laws

15

a crime that doesn't require a criminal intent

strict liability

16

ordinances that make it an offense to hold a party at which minors are served alcohol

teen party ordinances

17

holding an individual or corporation liable for a crime committed by another based on the nature of the relationship between the parties

vicarious liability