Chapter 14 Powerpoint pt. 2 Flashcards Preview

CRJ 130 Survey of Criminal Law > Chapter 14 Powerpoint pt. 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Powerpoint pt. 2 Deck (26):
1

In 1970, Congress responded to the increasingly high number of job-related deaths and injuries by passing the ___________ _______ ____ ______ ____ (_____).

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)

2

In _____, Congress responded to the increasingly high number of job-related deaths and injuries by passing the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA).

1970

3

OSHA primarily relies on the ______ _______ and ________ ________ to ensure compliance.

civil process
financial penalties

4

OSHA covers _________, ________, or _______ intents

intentional
knowing
reckless

5

Securities Frauds are also known as _____ and _________ fraud.

stock
investment

6

Security Fraud emerged as a subject of intense public interest when it was announced, in June 2002, when ______ ________ was the subject of a criminal investigation for lying about the sale of stock.

Martha Stewart

7

_______ _____ emerged as a subject of intense public interest when it was announced, in June 2002, when Martha Stewart was the subject of a criminal investigation for lying about the sale of stock.

Security Fraud

8

Martha Stewart was sentenced to __ months in prison and __ months of home detention as a result of her conviction for lying to investigators.

5 months
5 months

9

______ _______- Investing in stocks a potentially profitable practice

Insider Trading

10

_________ __________ – a high duty of care by corporate executives and corporate boards of directors to safeguard and protect the investment of stockholders

Fiduciary relationship

11

_________ ____ _______ ________ (____)– federal agency that ensures that corporate officials comply with the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 in the offering and selling of stocks.

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

12

________-______ Act – fraud statute that requires heads of corporations to certify that their firms’ financial reports are accurate

Sarbanes-Oxley

13

What are the liabilities to insider trading?

(1) Tippers (individuals who transmit information)
(2) Tippees (individuals who receive the information)

14

True or False: Disclose or abstain doctrine states that corporate officials do not have to publicly reveal information to the public relating to the economic condition of a corporation before they buy or sell the company’s stock.

False; Disclose or abstain doctrine states that corporate officials must publicly reveal information to the public relating to the economic condition of a corporation before they buy or sell the company’s stock

15

Misappropriation doctrine criminally punishes all individuals who take and use inside corporate _________ that is in the possession of their employer.

information

16

_____________ _______ criminally punishes all individuals who take and use inside corporate information that is in the possession of their employer.

Misappropriation doctrine

17

The requirements of mail and _____ _____ are similar with the exception that the wire communication must cross interstate or foreign boundaries.

wire fraud

18

The requirements of mail and wire fraud are similar with the exception that the _____ ___________ must cross _______ or ______ boundaries.

wire communication
interstate
foreign

19

What are the elements of mail fraud?

(1) Scheme
(2) Falsehood
(3) Money or Property
(4) Reliance
(5) Mail

20

The _____ Act was intended to assist state and local governments to combat organized crime.

Travel

21

The Travel Act was intended to assist state and local governments to combat _________ _____.

organized crime

22

The _____ ____ authorizes the federal government to prosecute what are ordinarily considered the state criminal offenses of gambling, the illegal shipment and sale of alcohol and controlled substances, extortion, bribery, arson, prostitution, and money laundering

Travel Act

23

The Travel Act authorizes the federal government to prosecute what are ordinarily considered the state criminal offenses of ________, the illegal shipment and sale of alcohol and controlled substances, ________, bribery, ______, prostitution, and money laundering

gambling
extortion
arson

24

The Travel Act authorizes the federal government to prosecute what are ordinarily considered the state criminal offenses of gambling, the illegal shipment and sale of _______ and ________ _________, extortion, bribery, arson, prostitution, and money laundering

alcohol
controlled substances

25

The Travel Act authorizes the federal government to prosecute what are ordinarily considered the state criminal offenses of gambling, the illegal shipment and sale of alcohol and controlled substances, extortion, _______, arson, __________, and ______ _________.

bribery
prostitution
money laundering

26

What are the elements of the travel act?

(1) Travel or the use of the mails or some other facility
(2) Intent to commit a criminal offense listed in the Travel Act or crime of violence or to distribute the proceeds of an illegal activity
(3) Commission of a crime or attempt to commit a crime