Chapter 16- Making it Happen Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16- Making it Happen Deck (29):
1

Air Quality

decrease 57% for acid rain (scrubbers in smoke stacks)
stratospheric ozone no change
urban air quality- ground level ozone ^3%
decrease 30% NOx- due to better gas, engines, more hybrids
Automobile use decrease 10% (using public transport more often)

2

Climate Change

GHG ^17%
-Canada is losing its reputation on an international level
Copenhagan target is 607 Mt of carbon in the air

3

Why is it so hard to fight emissions?

carbon offset- offer to pay another country to decrease its carbon output so we can stay the same
-lots of politics

4

Canada is...

1st country to withdraw from Kyoto Protocol
1st country to ever pull out of anti-desertification protocol

5

Water Quality

-municipal water use decrease 16% (due to more efficient appliances & monitoring)
-water treatment increase 29% (for at least secondary treatment)

6

Biodiversity

+47% increase in protected areas from 1990 to 2011
ex) fisher is now back in the protected area
-slow move on marine protected areas

7

Sector Industries

forest level of protection +30%
days of agriculture soils left unprotected +20% increase in protection of soils
energy -3% with energy efficiency
national energy consumption is up 23.1% 1990-2009

8

Newfoundland

waste management

9

Nova Scotia

water consumption, sewage, LRTAP, Sydney Tar Ponds

10

PEI

soil erosions, ocean levels rising, loses 3 feet of shoreline per year

11

New Brunswick

population, water quality, air quality

12

Ontario

water quality, waste management, emissions

13

Quebec

contaminant reduction (whales), public water

14

Manitoba

climate change, water quality, flooding

15

Saskatchewan

water quality, drought (positive feedback loop)

16

Alberta

climate change, drought, oil and gas byproducts

17

BC

population, water quality, emissions, soil erosion, clear cutting

18

Northern Canada

climate change, biodiversity, resource exploitation

19

Future Challenges

-sustainable use of biological resources
-incentives: laws vs peer pressure, threats vs. incentives
-management: combination of narrow and broad
-population growth

20

Housing trends in the USA

-average house size=38% larger in 2005 than 1975
-size of household has decreased 2.6ppl/house

21

# of vehicles manufactured in 2012

84.1 million

22

Millenium Development Goals

1: eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
2: achieve universal primary education
3: promote gener equality and empower women
4: reduce child mortality
5: improve maternal health
6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and other diseases
7: ensure environmental sustainability
8: Develop a Global partnership for development
-all tie into sustainable development

23

Some successes of Millennium Goals

extreme poverty decrease fro 1/3 to 1/5 1990-1994
-extreme poverty rate in sub-Saharan Africa has levelled off and rate has declined
-more children in school in developing world
-increase participation of women in politics (slowly)
-decline in child mortality (globally)
-Control of malaria (will get worse with climate change)
-TB on decline

24

Challenges

-international agreements (Canada is not doing well)
-Environmental protection- enviro budgets first thing to be cut during recession
-consumption
-nature deficit disorder- need education

25

Rich countries

appear to be happy

26

Happy Planet Index

-life satisfaction x life expectancy/ eco footprint
-developed countries have very low HPI

27

National Perspectives

Polls: Enviro is important to Canadians
Kyoto Protocl
-Climate change is serious to Canadians (in top 5)
-SLOW action

28

Personal Perspectives

-education is critical: is there still a lack of environmental understanding?
-Are universities leading the way? Augustana is doing well- solar pannels, low flush toilets, glass windows, concrete floors
-Nature deficit disorder- more screen time than outdoor time

29

Solutions

1. Sustainability and education
2. Generate genuine wealth
3. improve efficiency
4. Shift to clean energy
5. Reduce waste and pollution
6. Protect and conserve water
7. Produce healthy food
8. Protect and restore nature
9. Build sustainable cities
10. Promote global sustainability
*think up and example for each of these