Chapter 16 - The Retroperitoneum Flashcards Preview

Diagnostic Sonography - Hagen > Chapter 16 - The Retroperitoneum > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 16 - The Retroperitoneum Deck (13):
1

condition caused by hyposecretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex

Addison’s disease

2

smooth, round, homogeneous benign tumor of the adrenal cortex associated with Cushing’s syndrome

adenoma

3

a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland

adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

4

outer parenchyma of the adrenal gland that secretes steroid hormones, commonly called corticoids

cortex

5

condition caused by hypersecretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex

Cushing’s syndrome

6

portion of the pelvic cavity that is above the pelvic brim, bounded posteriorly by the lumbar vertebrae, laterally by the iliac fossae and iliacus muscles, and anteriorly by the lower anterior abdominal wall

false pelvis

7

an increase in the number of cells of a body part that results from an increased rate of cellular division

hyperplasia

8

any disorder characterized by enlargement of the lymph nodes or lymph vessels

lymphadenopathy

9

malignancy that primarily affects the lymph nodes, spleen, or liver

lymphoma

10

central tissue of the adrenal gland that secrets epinephrine and norepinephrine

medulla

11

malignant adrenal mass that is seen in pediatric patients

neuroblastoma

12

early embryonic tissue that will eventually develop into the brain and spinal cord

neuroectodermal tissue

13

benign adrenal tumor that secretes hormones that produce hypertension

pheochromocytoma