Chapter 18 Flashcards Preview

Hy 104 > Chapter 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (12):
1

Government a; action to address urban problems and the insecurities of working-class life, originated in Germany but soon entered the political vocabulary of the US

Social legislation

2

Which provided that US senators be chosen by popular vote rather than by the state legislatures

Seventeenth amendment

3

Like mother's pensions rested on the assumption that the government should encourage women's capacity for bearing and raising children and enable them to be economically independent at the same time

Maternalist reform

4

Louis D. Brandeis filed a famous brief citing scientific and sociological studies to demonstrate that because women. Had less strength and endurance than men, long hours of labor were dangerous for women, while unique ability to bear children gave the government legitimate interest in their working conditions

Muller v Oregon

5

1913, 22 states had this; benefit workers, male or female, injured on the job

Workmen's compensation laws

6

Established a federal agency to police the quality and labeling of food and drugs

Pure food and drug act

7

Creating national parks like yellow stone, Yosemite, and glacier; this was to preserve the natural resources

conservation movement

8

Authorized congress to enact a graduated income tax (one whose rate of taxation is higher for wealthier citizens)

Sixteenth amendment

9

As he called his program (Wilson), envisioned the federal government strengthening antitrust laws, protecting the right of workers to unionize, and actively encouraging small businesses--- creating, in other words, the conditions for the renewal of economic competition without increasing government regulation of the economy

New freedom

10

According to Lippmann was frank acceptance to the benefits of bigness, coupled with the intervention of government to courtier act it's abuses; heavy taxes on personal and corporate fortunes and federal regulation of industries, including railroads, mining, and oil

New nationalism

11

To investigate and prohibit "unfair" business activities such as price-fixing and monopolistic practices

Federal trade commission

12

Founded in 1911; reform organization; leaders educated in boarding schools; many tribes together; montezuma wanted full citizenship and all constitutional rights in their independence

Society of American Indians