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Flashcards in Midterm 2 Deck (21):

British passenger liner sunk by German U-boat, May 7, 1915, creating a diplomatic crisis and public outrage at the loss of 128 Americans (roughly 10 percent of the total aboard); Germany agreed to pay reparations, and the United States waited two more years to enter World War 1



General Palmer dispatched federal agents to raid the offices of radical and labor organizations throughout the country

Palmer raids


a New deal legislation to improve agricultural prices by limiting market supplies; declared unconstitutional

Agricultural adjustment act


Which set up unemployed young men to work on projects like forest preservation, flood control, and the improvement of national parks and wildlife preserves

Civilian conservation corps


Restricted immigration especially against the Asian culture

National origins act


From the German foreign secretary to the German minister in Mexico, February 1917, instructing him to offer to recover Texas, New Mexica, and Arizona for Mexico if it would fight the United States to divert attention from Germany in the event that the United States joined the war

Zimmerman telegram


A case held during the 1920s in which two Italian-American anarchists were found guilty and executed for a crime in which there was very little evidence linking them to the particular crime

Sacco and Vanzetti


Bonus marchers. Veterans marched Washington to receive their money for serving

Bonus expeditionary force


One of hoover's leading advisors, a wealthy secretary of treasury, told Hoover that economic down turns were a normal part of capitalism, which weeded out unproductive firms and encouraged moral virtue among the less fortunate

Andrew Mellon


Helped the justice department identify radicals and critics of the war by spying on their neighbors and carrying out "slacker raids" in which thousands of men on the streets of major cities and required to produce draft registration cards

American protective league


Reduce inheritance and personal income tax, cancellation of luxury and nuances taxes, and end of public access to federal income tax returns

Revenue act of 1926


Over productivity and not enough income to spend

Income/productivity gap


Created provisions for a retirement pension, unemployment insurance, disability insurance, and public assistance (welfare)

Social security act


Was governor of Louisiana and took seat in the senate. Was going to run for president and had come up with a policy of shore our wealth.

Huey P. Long


Established the national labor relations board and facilitated unionization by regulating employment and bargaining practices

Wagner act


Accumulated fortune as a mining engineer, after WW1 he gained international fame by coordinating overseas food relief; he considered himself a progressive

Herbert Hoover


A submarine



Limited criticism of government leaders and policies by imposing fines and prison terms on those who opposed American participation in WW1

Espionage and sedition acts


Was a president promising normalcy after the progressive era.

Warren G. Harding


Wilson created it to explain to Americans and the world, as its director, George creel, put it, " the cause that compelled America to take arms defense of its liberties and free institutions."

Committee on public information


Banned travel on belligerents' ships and the sale of arms to countries at war

Neutrality Acts