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Flashcards in Chapter 23 Deck (20):

From Moscow, American diplomat George Kennan advised the Truman administration that the soviets could not be dealt with as a normal government. Communist ideology drove them to expand their power throughout the world, he claimed, and only the United States had the ability to stop them

Long telegram


Churchill declared in Fulton, Missouri; dividing the free west from the communist east

"Iron curtain" speech


Embracing the Cold War as the foundation of American foreign policy and describes it as worldwide struggle over the economic recovery

Truman doctrine


Pledged the United States to contribute billions of dollars to finance the economic recovery in Europe. Offered a positive vision to go along with containment. "Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine, but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos."

Marshall plan


Immune from democratic oversight

National security council


Proposed to stimulate freer trade among the participants, creating an enormous market for American goods and investment

General agreement on tariffs and trade


As a kind of "double containment," in which West Germany would serve as a bulwark against the soviets while integration into the Western alliance tamed and "civilized" German power. Was the first long-term military alliance between the United States San Europe since the American Revolution

Northern Atlantic treaty organization


This 1950 manifesto described the Cold War as an epic struggle between "the idea of freedom" and the "idea of slavery under the grim oligarchy of the Kremlin." Helped to spur dramatic increased in American military spending



Liberal democrats and black leaders urged the Truman administration to take the lead and insisting that a Free World worthy of the name should not include colonies and empires



National security agencies encouraged Hollywood to produce anticommunist movies, such as The Red Menace (1949), and I Married a Communist (1950), and urged that film scripts be changed to remove references to less-than-praiseworthy aspects of American history, such as Indian removal and racial discrimination

"Military Liberty"


The term originated in Europe between the world wars to describe racist Italy and Nazi Germany ---- aggressive, ideology driven states that sought to subdue all of the civil society, including churches, unions, and other voluntary associations, to their control



Focused on improving the social safety net and raising the standard of living of ordinary Americans

The fair deal


Sought to reverse some of the gains made by organized labor in the past decade; eight-day "cooling-off period," banned sympathy strikes and secondary boycotts, passed "right-to-work" laws

Taft-Hartley act


Southern democrat delegates



Which government employees were required to demonstrate their patriotism without being allowed to confront accusers or, in some cases, knowing the charges against them

Loyalty review system


Calling well-known screenwriters, directors, and actors to appear before the committee ensured it a wave of national publicity, which its members relished. Ten "unfriendly whitnesses" refused to answer the committee's questions about their political beliefs or to "name names" on the grounds that the hearings violated the First Amendment's guarantees of freedom of speech and political association

Hollywood ten


Nationally televised, revealed McCarthy as a bully who browbeat whitnesses and made sweeping accusations with no basis on fact

Army-McCarthy hearings


New definition of loyalty, anything other than "uncritical and unquestioning acceptance of America as it is," wrote Commager, could now be labeled unpatriotic



The first major piece of immigration legislation since 1924, also passed over the president's veto. Kept the quotas set in place by Truman but deported immigrants identified as Communist even if they already had U.S. citisenship

McCarran-Walter act


The process the United States had committed itself to preventing any further expansion of Soviet power (communism)