Chapter 22 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 22 Deck (24):
1

The US refused to intervene military in the internal affairs of Latin American countries

Good neighbor policy

2

Avoiding getting involved in the war using the neutrality acts

Isolationism

3

Beginning in 1935; banned travel on belligerents' ships and the scale of arms to countries at war

Neutrality acts

4

Providing Britain and China with military supplies in their fight against Germany and Japan

"Arsenal of Democracy"

5

Authorized military aid so long as countries promised somehow to return it all after the war

Lend-lease act

6

Thousands perished ensuing this to a prisoner-of-war camp, and thousands more died of disease and starvation after they arrived

Bataan "death march"

7

Nearly 200,000 American, British, and Canadian soldiers under the command of General Dwight D. Eisenhower landed in Normandy in north western France. More than a million troops followed them ashore in the nest few weeks, in the most massive sea-land operation in history

D-Day

8

By 1945, 6 million Jewish men, women, and children had died in Nazi camps

Holocaust

9

The female industrial laborer depicted as muscular and self-reliant in Norman rockwell's famous magazine cover

Rosie the riveter

10

In 1944, it extended to the millions returning veterans an array of benefits, including unemployment pay, scholarships for further education, low-cost mortgage loans, pensions, and job training, one of the most far-reaching prices of social legislation in American history

GI bill of rights

11

Millions of Americans moved out of urban ethnic neighborhoods and isolated rural enclaves into the army and industrial plants where they came into contact with people of very different backgrounds

"Patriotic assimilation"

12

1942; tens of thousands of contract laborer so crossed into the US to take up jobs as domestic and agricultural workers

Bracero program

13

1943; in which club-wielding sailors and policemen attacked Mexican-American youths wearing flamboyant clothing on the streets of Los Angeles, illustrated the limits of wartime violence

Zoom suit riots

14

Ordered the relocation of all persons of Japanese descent from the west coast

Executive order 9066

15

The Supreme Court denied the appeal of Fred Korematsu, a Japanese-American citizen who had been arrested for refusing to present himself for interment

Korematsu v. United States

16

Mostly blacks form rural south to the cities of the north and west

Second great migration

17

Banned discrimination in defense jobs and established a Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) to monitor compliance

Executive order 8802

18

Pittsburgh courier coined the phrase, victory over Germany and Japan, it insisted, must be accompanied by victory over segregation at home

Double V

19

A top secret program in which American scientists developed and atomic bomb during WW2

Manhattan project

20

Meeting between Stalin , Truman, and Churchill; established military administration for Germany and agreed to place top Nazi leaders on trial for was crimes

Yalta conference

21

45 nations in July 1944 replaced the British pound with the dollar as the main currency for international transactions

Breton woods conference

22

Made of a general assembly and a security council , 10 rotating members, 5 constant Britain, China, France, Soviet Union, and US; outlawed force or the threat of force as a means of settling international disputes

United Nations

23

Promised that "the final destruction of Nazi tyranny" would be followed by open access to markets, the right of "all peoples" to chose their form of government, and a global extension of the New Deal so that people everywhere would enjoy "improved labor standards, economic advancement and social security."

Atlantic charter

24

Work of art during WW2 painted by Norman Rockwell; images of real people situated in small-town America

Four freedoms