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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (126):
1

Chondr/o

Cartilage

2

Cyt/o

Cell

3

Hist/o

Tissue

4

Nucle/o

Nucleus

5

Anter/o

Anterior, front

6

Caud/o

Tail

7

Dist/o

Far, farthest

8

Dors/o

Back (of body)

9

Infer/o

Lower, below

10

Later/o

Side, to one side

11

Medi/o

Middle

12

Poster/o

Back (of body), behind, posterior

13

Proxim/o

Near, nearest

14

Super/o

Upper, above

15

Ventr/o

Belly, belly side

16

-ad

Toward

17

-logist

Specialist in the study of

18

-logy

-study of

19

-ior

Pertaining to

20

-al

Pertaining to

21

-toxic

Pertaining to poison

22

-ac

Pertaining to

23

-ar

Pertaining to

24

-iac

Pertaining to

25

-ic

Pertaining to

26

-ary

Pertaining to

27

-eal

Pertaining to

28

-ous

Pertaining to

29

-tic

Pertaining to

30

Cephal/

Head

31

Caud/o

Tail

32

-duction

Act of leading, bringing, conducting

33

Ab-

Away from, from

34

Ad-

Toward

35

Abdomin/o

Abdomen

36

Cervic/o

Neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)

37

Crani/o

Cranium (skull)

38

Gastr/o

Stomach

39

ili/o

Ilium ( lateral, glaring portion of hip bone)

40

Inguin/o

Groin

41

Lumb/o

Loins (lower back)

42

Pelv/i

Pelvis

43

Spin/o

Spine

44

Thorac/o

Chest

45

Umbilic/o

Umbilicus, navel

46

Peri-

Around

47

Trans-

Through, across

48

-verse

Turning

49

Dorsal cavity

Contains cranial and spinal cavities

50

Ventral cavity

Contains abdomino-pelvic cavity, thoracic, and diaphragm

51

Caud/o

Tail

52

Dist/o

Far, farthest

53

Dors/o

Back (of body)

54

Infer/o

Lower, below

55

Later/o

Side, to one side

56

Medi/o

Middle

57

Poster/o

Back (of body), behind, posterior

58

Proxim/o

Near, nearest

59

Super/o

Upper, above

60

Ventr/o

Belly, belly side

61

-ad

Toward

62

-logist

Specialist in the study of

63

-logy

-study of

64

-ior

Pertaining to

65

-al

Pertaining to

66

-toxic

Pertaining to poison

67

-ac

Pertaining to

68

-ar

Pertaining to

69

-iac

Pertaining to

70

-ic

Pertaining to

71

-ary

Pertaining to

72

-eal

Pertaining to

73

-ous

Pertaining to

74

-tic

Pertaining to

75

Cephal/

Head

76

Caud/o

Tail

77

-duction

Act of leading, bringing, conducting

78

Ab-

Away from, from

79

Ad-

Toward

80

Abdomin/o

Abdomen

81

Cervic/o

Neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)

82

Crani/o

Cranium (skull)

83

Gastr/o

Stomach

84

ili/o

Ilium ( lateral, glaring portion of hip bone)

85

Inguin/o

Groin

86

Lumb/o

Loins (lower back)

87

Pelv/i

Pelvis

88

Spin/o

Spine

89

Thorac/o

Chest

90

Umbilic/o

Umbilicus, navel

91

Peri-

Around

92

Trans-

Through, across

93

-verse

Turning

94

Dorsal cavity

Contains cranial and spinal cavities

95

Ventral cavity

Contains abdomino-pelvic cavity, thoracic, and diaphragm

96

LUQ

Left upper quadrant ( stomach )

97

RLQ

Right lower quadrant (appendicitis)

98

Heartburn, indigestion, heart attack

(Region)

Epigastric

99

AP

Anteroposterior

100

Bx, bx

Biopsy

101

LAT, lat

Lateral

102

PA

Posterioanterior; pernicious anemia; pulmonary artery; Physician assistant

103

CT

Computed tomography

Uses a narrow beam of x-rays, which rotates in a full arc around the patient to image the body in cross sectional slices

104

CXR

Chest X-ray, chest radiograph

105

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

Employees magnetic energy ( with out ionizing x-rays) to produce cross-sectional images

106

PET

Positron emission tomography

107

US

Ultrasound; ultrasonography

Employs high-frequency sound waves to produce images of internal structures of the body

108

SPECT

Single-photon emission computed tomography

109

Septic

Infection

110

-emia

Blood

111

C&S

Culture and sensitivity

Identify bacteria and what antibiotic to treat the infection

112

Endo-

Within, in

113

-scopy

Visual exam

114

Fluor/o

Luminous, fluorescence

115

Tom/o

To cut, slice

116

Ultra-

Excess, beyond

117

Anastomosis

Connection between two vessels, such as a surgical joining of two ducks, blood vessels, or bow segments to allow flow from one to the other

118

Cauterization

Process of burning abnormal tissue with electricity, freezing, heat, or chemicals

119

Septicemia

A severe bacterial infection in the blood and which toxins circulating in the blood cause severe systemic symptoms

120

Radiography

The production of shadow images on a photographic film

121

Adhesion

A band of scar tissue that binds anatomical surfaces that normally are separate from each other

122

Endoscopy

Is a procedure to enable visualization of the interior of organs and cavities with a lighted instrument

123

Radiopharmaceutical

A drug that contains a radioactive substance that travels to an area or a specific Organ to be scanned

124

Tomography

Any of several radiographic techniques such as CT, PET, SPECT, that produces a film representing a detailed cross-section of tissue structures

125

Inflammation

A protective response of body tissue then includes symptoms of redness. swelling, heat, and pain

126

Fluoroscopy

Direct x-rays through the body to a florescence green to view the motion of organs, such as the digestive track and heart