Kidney Flashcards Preview

Medical terminology > Kidney > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kidney Deck (34):
1

-Uria

Urine

2

-iasis

Abnormal condition

3

Pyel/o

Renal pelvis

4

Py/o

Pus

5

-ectasis

Dilation, expansion

6

Nephrotic syndrome

Chronic loss of protein

7

Urethral stricture

Narrowing of lumen

8

Kub

Kidney, ureter, bladder

Radiograph--- locations, size, shape

9

IVP

Intravenous pyelography

Radiograph after contrast

10

RP

Retrograde pyelography

After injection of contrast through cath

11

Hydronephrosis

Enlargement of the kidney due to constant pressure from backed-up urine in the ureter (proximal)

12

Hydroureter

Distal blockage

13

Pyuria

White blood cells in urine

14

Uremia

Urea in blood

15

Azotemia

Increase concentration in urea in blood

16

ESWL

Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy

Sound waves

17

ARF

Acute renal failure

18

BNO

Bladder neck obstruction

19

BPH

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

20

CRF

Chronic renal failure

21

Cysto

Cystoscopy

22

ESRD

End stage renal disease

23

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen

24

EU

Excretory urography

25

IVU

IV urogram

26

UA

Urinalysis

27

VCUG

Voiding cystourethrogram

28

Diuresis

Increase formation and secretion of urine

29

Azoturia

Increase of nitrogenous substances especially urea

30

Dysuria

Painful of difficult urination

31

Enuresis

Involuntary discharge of urine after the age at which bladder control should be established

32

Wilms tumor

Malignant neoplasm of the kidney that occurs in young children before age 5

33

Pyelography

Radiograph of kidney, ureters, bladder

34

Renal scan

Nuc med

Determine renal function