Pulmonary Flashcards Preview

Medical terminology > Pulmonary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pulmonary Deck (89):
1

Adenoid/o

Adenoids

2

Pharyng/o

Pharynx

3

Alveol/o

Alveolus

4

Pleura

Pleur/o

5

Thorac/o
-thorax
-thora

Chest

6

Para

Near, beside, beyond

7

-ole

Small,minute

8

-centesis

Surgical puncture

9

Melan/o

Black

10

-malacia

Softening

11

-cele

Hernia, swelling

12

Are/op/phagia

Swallowing air

13

-pnea

Breathing

14

-osmia

Smell

15

Pneum/o

Pneumon/o

Air, lung

16

Bronchi/o

Bronch/o

Bronchus

17

Tonsill/o

Tonsils

18

Laryng/o

Larynx

19

Nas/o, rhin/o

Nose

20

Trache/o

Trachea

21

Bronchiol/o

Bronchiole

22

Pulmon/o

Lung

23

-ectasis

Dilation, expansion

24

-oxia

Oxygen

25

-spasm

Involuntary contraction, twitching

26

Myc

Fungus

27

-stenosis

Dilation

28

Lob/o

Lobe

29

NMT

Nebulized mist treatment

Therapy that uses a device to produce a fine spray nebulizer that delivers medication directly into the lungs

30

Corticosteroids

Hormonal agents that reduce tissue edema and inflammation associated with chronic lung disease

31

Bronchodilators

Drugs used to increase airflow by dilating constricted airways through relaxation of the smooth muscles that surround the bronchioles and bronchi

32

Postural drainage

Use of body positioning to assist in removal of secretions from specific lobes of lung bronchi or lung cavities

33

Spirometry

Measurement of FVC and FEV1 producing a tracing on a graph

34

FVC

Force vital capacity

Measurement of the amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled from lungs after the deepest inhalation

35

PFTs

Pulmonary function tests

Variety of tests to determine the capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently

36

PE

Pulmonary embolism

37

AP


Anteroposterior

38

Bronchoscopy

Visual examination of the interior bronchi using a Bronchoscopy, a flexible fiberoptic instrument with a light which can be inserted through the nose or mouth

Maybe performed to remove obstruction, obtain a biopsy specimen, observed directly for the pathological changes

39

ABG

Arterial blood gas

Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide content of arterial blood by various methods

ABG analysis is used to assess adequacy of ventilation and oxygenation and the acid-base status of the body

40

SIDS

Sudden infant death syndrome

Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well, or virtually well, infant

Also, called crib death!

Most common cause of death between the second week and first year of life

41

Pneumothorax

Collection of air in the plural cavity, causing the complete or partial collapse of the lung

42

Pleural effusion

I'm normal presence of fluid in the plural cavity.

43

Hempthorax

Fluid contains blood

PE

44

Hydrothorax

Serum in fluid

PE

45

Pyoythorax

Pus in fluid

Pleural effusion

46

Pertussis

Acute infectious disease characterized by a whooping sound cough

A.k.a. Whooping cough

47

DPT

Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus

48

Hypoxemia

Deficiency of oxygen in the blood usually a sign of respiratory impairment

49

Hypoxia

Efficiency of oxygen in body tissues

50

Epitaxis

Hemorrhage from nose; nose bleed

51

Pleurisy

Inflammation of the pleura

52

A-

Without

53

Eu-

Good, normal

54

Muc/o

Mucus

55

-ema

State of, condition

56

-Brady

Slow

57

Phren/o

Diaphragm, mind

58

Atel-

Incomplete
Imperfect

59

Dys-

Painful, bad, difficult

60

Emphys/o

Inflate

61

Cyst/o

Bladder

62

CF

Cystic fibrosis

Genetic disease of exocrine glands characterized by excessive secretions of thick mucous that do not drain normally, causing obstruction of passageways including pancreatic and bile ducts and bronchi

63

ARDS

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

Respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia ARDS is due to severe inflammatory damage it causes abnormal permeability of the alveolar -capillary membrane as a result the alveoli fill with fluid which interferes with gas exchange

64

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

65

IPPB

Intermittent positive pressure breathing

66

OSA

Instructive sleep apnea

67

PCP

Pneumocystis pneumonia

Closely associated with a compromise immune system

Caused by fungus

68

CPAP

Continuous positive airway pressure

69

CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

70

Dx

Diagnosis

71

FEV1

Forest expiratory volume in one second

72

HMD

Hyaline membrane disease

73

PFT

Pulmonary function test

74

PND

Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

75

RD

Respiratory disease

76

SOB

Shortness of breath

77

Emphysema

Pus in a body cavity especially in the pleura (Pyoythorax)

78

Croup

Acute respiratory syndrome that occurs primarily in children and infants and is characterized by laryngeal obstruction and spasm, barking cough, and stridor

79

Coryza

Acute inflammation of nasal passages accompanied by profuse nasal discharge also called a cold

80

Consolidation

Process of becoming salad, especially in connection with the lungs. Solidification Of the Lungs is caused by pathological engorgement of lung tissue that occurs in acute pneumonia

81

Atelectasis

Collapse of lung tissue, preventing respiratory exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Can be caused by obstruction of foreign bodies, excessive secretions, or pressure on the lung from a tumor

82

Anoxia

Total absence of oxygen in body tissues

83

Acidosis

Excessive acidity of blood due to an accumulation of acid or excessive loss of bicarbonate

84

Wheezes

Continuous high-pitched whistling sound usually during expiration and are caused by narrowing of an airway

85

Stridor

High pitched musical sound made on inspiration that is caused by an obstruction of the trachea or larynx. --- is characteristic of an upper respiratory disorder called croup

86

Rhonchi

Loud, course or snoring sounds heard during inspiration or expiration ---is caused by obstructed airway's

87

Friction rub

Dry grating sound heard with the stethoscope during auscultation

88

Crackles

Fine crackling or bubbling sounds, commonly heard during inspiration where there's fluid in the alveoli--- also called rales

89

FEV1

Forced expiratory volume in one sec