Chapter 6 digestion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 digestion Deck (99):
1

Alimentary canal

GI tract

2

Teeth

Dent/o

3

Straight

Orth-

4

Odont/o

Teeth

5

Gums

Gingiv/o

6

Tongue

Gloss/o

7

Lingu/o

Tongue

8

Mouth

Or/o

Stomat/o

9

Saliva

Ptyal/o

10

Sial/o

Saliva

Saliva gland

11

Esophag/o

Esophagus

12

Pharynx (throat)

Pharyng/o

13

Stomach

Gastr/o

14

Pylorus

Pylor/o

15

Tonsill

Tonsils

16

Appetite

-orexia

17

Digestion

-Pepsia

18

Bad; painful; difficult

Dys-

19

Discharge, flow

-rrhea

20

Dia-

Through, across

21

Submandibular gland

Parotid gland

Sublingual gland

Salivary glands

22

-ism

Condition

23

Maxill/o

Jaw

24

-osis

Abnormal condition

Or increase (blood cells)

25

Myc/

Fungus

26

Mycoses

Fungi

Singular - mycosis

27

Study of

Log/o

28

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD)

Condition in which the lining of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum is eroded from infection with helicobacter pylori bacteria

Or increase in hydrochloric acid and pepsin

29

-ous

Resembling

30

Muc/o

Mucus

31

Megal/o

Enlargement

32

EGD

Upper GI endoscopy

Esophagus,stomach duodenum

33

Cancer (CA)

Carcin/o

34

Epi-

Above, upon

35

Hemat/o

Blood

36

-phagia

Eating

37

Aer/o

Air

38

Duoden/o

Duodenum

1st part of small

39

Enter/o

Intestine

Usually referring to small

40

Jejun/o

Jejunum

2nd part of small

41

ile/o

Ileum

3rd part of small

42

-rrhaphy

Suture

43

Append/o

Appendix

44

Appendic/o

Appendix

45

Col/o

Colon

46

Colon/o

Colon

47

Proct/o

Anus, rectum

48

Rect/o

Rectum

49

Sigmoid/o

Sigmoid colon

50

Crohn disease

Chronic inflammation of the ileum

51

Peristalsis

Wavelike contractions G.I. tract

52

Spasm

Involuntary contraction

53

Cholangi/o

Bile vessel

54

-ole

Small

55

Chol/e

Bile, gall

56

Cholecyst/o

Gallbladder

57

Choledoch/o

Bile duct

58

Hepat/o

Liver

59

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

60

-iasis

Abnormal condition produced by something specified

61

Prandial

Meal

62

Cyst/

Bladder

63

Jaund/o

Yellow

64

-emia

Blood

65

Bil/i

Bile or gall

66

Laparoscopic

Open surgery

67

CT

Computed tomography

68

CA

Chronological age, cardiac arrest, cancer

69

ERCP

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

70

ESWL

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

71

FBS

Fasting blood sugar

72

Gerd

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

73

IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease

74

IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome

75

IV

Intravenous

76

LES

Lower esophageal sphincter

77

NG

Nasogastric

Intubation is used to relieve gastric distention by removing gas, gastric secretions, and food

Used to instill medication food or fluids or obtain a specimen for laboratory in the office

78

RGB

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

79

Antiemetics

Control nausea vomiting by blocking nerve impulses to the vomiting center of the brain

80

Ascites

Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity

81

Borborygmus

Gurgling or rumbling sound heard over the large intestines cause my gas main and through the intestines

82

Cirrh:

Yellow

83

Diverticular disease

Bulging pouches in gastrointestinal tract push the mucosal lining through the surrounding muscles

84

Dysentery

Dys- bad, painful, difficult

Enter- intestine

Y- condition

Diarrhea, colitis, cramps-- no clean food or water

85

Fistula

Abnormal passage from one organ to another or for a hollow organ to the surface

86

Hematochezia

Passage of stools containing bright red blood

87

Hemorrhoid (piles)

Massive of enlarged, twist varicose veins in mucous membrane inside or just outside the rectum

88

Protrusion or projection of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it

Hernia

89

Crohn disease

Regional colitis

Patchy or segmented inflammatory pattern

90

Inflammatory bowel disease IBD

Ulceration of colon mucosa

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis

Diarrhea, rectal bleeding, pain

91

Irritable bowel syndrome IBS

Spastic colon

Condition characterized by gastrointestinal signs and symptoms including constipation diarrhea gas and bloating

In the absence of organic pathology

92

Obesity

20 percent above ideal body weight

Morbid obesity -- bmi over 40

93

Volvulus

Twisting of the bowel on itself causing obstruction

94

Barium enema

Use for diagnosis of obstructions tumors and other abnormalities of the corn

95

Barium swallow

Upper G.I. series

Radiographic examination of the esophagus stomach and small intestine after oral administration a barium

96

Stool guaiac

Lab test performed on feces to detect the presence of blood in the stool

Hemoccult test

97

Extra-

Outside

98

Corpor:

Body

99

Anorectal

Relating to the anus and rectum