Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

Medical terminology > Musculoskeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal System Deck (84):
1

Fasci/o

Band, fascia

2

Fibr/o

Fiber, fibrous

3

Leiomy/o

Smooth muscle

4

Lumb/o

Loins

5

Muscul/o

Muscle

6

My/o

Muscle

7

Ten/o

Tendon

8

Tend/o

Tendon

9

Tendin/o

Tendon

10

-algia

Pain

11

-asthenia

Weakness, debility

12

Hemi-

One half

13

-rrhaphy

Suture

14

-sarcoma

Malignant tumor of connective tissue

15

Chondr/o

Cartilage

16

Cost/o

Ribs

17

Autorhythmicity

Built in rhythm

18

-rrhexis

Rupture

19

-genesis

Forming, producing, or origin

20

Scler/o

Hardening

21

Quadri-

Four

22

Carp/o

Carpus

23

-ptosis

Prolapse

24

Cervic/o

Neck

25

Crani/o

Skull

26

Humer/o

Humerus

27

Metacarp/o

Metacarpus

28

Phalang/o

Phalanges

29

Spondyl/o

Vertebra

30

Vertebr/o

Vertebrae

31

Calcane/o

Calcaneum -- heel bone

32

Femor/o

Femur

33

Fibul/o

Fibula

34

Patell/o

Kneecap

35

Pelv/o

Pelvis

36

Pelv/I

Pelvis

37

Radi/o

Radiation, X-ray, radius

38

Tibi/o

Tibia- larger bone

39

Ankyl/o

Stiffness, bent,crooked

40

Arthr/o

Joint

41

Chondr/o

Cartilage

42

Lamin/o

Lamina

43

Orth/o

Straight

44

Clasia

-clast

To break

45

-desis

Binding, fixation

46

Physis

Growth

47

Synarthroses

Immovable joints

48

Porosis

Porous

49

My/o

Muscle

50

Diarthroses

Free movable joints

51

En

In, within

52

Amphiarthroses

Slightly movable joints

53

Greenstick fracture

Bent and broken-- children

Splinter

54

Comminuted fracture

Bone is broken into pieces

55

Impacted fracture

Broken ends of bones are forced into one another; many bone fragments may be created

56

Complicated fracture

Extensive soft tissue injury such as when a broken rib pierces a lung

57

Colles fracture

Lower end of the radius

Displacement of hand

Occurs when flexing hand to cushion fall

58

Incomplete fracture

Line of fracture does not include the whole bone

59

AE

Above the elbow

60

BE

Below the elbow

61

BK

Below the knee

62

HD

Hemodialysis

63

CTS

Carpal tunnel syndrome

64

HNO

Herniated nucleus pulpisus

65

IM

Intramuscular

66

THR

Total hip replacement

67

Scoli-

Crooked, bent

68

Listhesis

Slipping

69

Kyph

Hunchback

70

Lord-

Curve, swayback

71

MG

Myasthenia graves

72

RA

Rheumatoid arthritis

73

Talipes equinovarus

Congenital deformity of the foot, also called clubfoot

74

Torticollis

Spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles causing stiffness and testing of the neck also called wryneck

75

Contracture

Fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscles, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint

76

Crepitation

Grating sound made by movement of bones ends rubbing together indicating a fractured joint destruction

77

Ewing sarcoma

Malignant tumor that develops from bone marrow usually in long bones or the pelvis

78

Paget

Go to disease affecting elderly people that causes chronic inflammation of bones resulting in thickening and softening of bones and Boeing of long bones also called osteitis deformans

79

Sublaxation

Chronic systemic inflammatory disease affecting the synovial membrane of multiple joints eventually resulting in crippling deformities

80

Sequestrum

Fragment of a necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue

81

Ankylosing spondylitis

Chronic inflammatory disease of unknown origin the first affects the spine and it's characterized by fusion and loss of mobility of two or more vertebrae also called Rheumatoid spondylolysis

82

Sequestrum

Segment of necrosed bone

83

Scoliosis

Abnormal side word curvature of the spine to left or right

84

Spondylolisthesis

Partial for dislocation of one vertebrae over one below it most commonly the fifth lumbar vertebra over the first sacral vertebrae also called spinal cord compression