Endocrine Flashcards Preview

Medical terminology > Endocrine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrine Deck (56):
1

Aden/o

Gland

2

Adren/o

Gland

3

Adrenal/o

Adrenal glands

4

Calc/o

Calcium

5

Gluc/o

Sugar

6

Glyc/o

Sugar

7

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

8

Parathyroid/o

Parathyroid

9

Pituitar/o

Pituitary gland

10

Thym/

Thymus

11

Thyr/o

Thyroid

12

Thyroid/o

Thyroid gland

13

Toxic/o

Poison

14

-dipsia

Thirst

15

-trophy

Development; nourishment

16

-phagia

Eating

17

Oophor/o

Ovaries

18

Orchid/o

Testes

19

Orchi/o

Testes

20

Orch/o

Testes

21

Test/o

Testes

22

Encephal/o

Brain

23

Gli/o

Glue, neuroglial tissue

24

Myel/o

Bone marrow, spinal cord

25

-paresis

Partial paralysis

26

Embolus

Clot present in blood or lymphatic vessels and brought there by blood or lymph

27

Thrombus

Adheres to wall of a blood vessel

28

BG

Blood glucose

29

BS

Blood sugar

30

DM

Diabetes mellitus

31

LP

Lumbar puncture

32

MS

Mitral stenosis

33

TIA

Transient ischemic attack

34

PGH

Pituitary growth hormone

35

PTH

Parathyroid hormone

36

RAIU

Radioactive iodine uptake

37

TSH

Thyroid-stimulating hormone

38

ICSH

Interstitial cell- stimulating hormone

39

HRT

Hormone replacement therapy

40

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident; costovertebral angle

41

CVD

Cerebrovascular disease

42

Acr/o

Extremities

43

Cyst/o

Bladder

44

Scler/o

Hardening; sclera

45

EEG

Electroencephalogram

46

Poli/o

Gray, gray matter

47

Hidr/o

Sweat

48

EMG

Electromyography

49

Ren/o

Nephr/o

Kidney

50

Addison disease

Relatively uncommon chronic disorder caused by deficiency of Cortical hormones that result when the adrenal cortex is damaged or atrophied

51

Cushing syndrome

Cluster of symptoms caused by excessive amounts of cortisol or adrenocorticotropic hormone circulating in the blood

52

Pheochromocytoma

Small chromatic cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla

53

Spina bifida occulta

Most common and least severe without protrusion of spinal cord or meninges

54

Spins bifida cystic a

More severe type of spina bifida that involves protrusion of meninges, spinal cord or both

55

Myel/o

Spinal cord

56

RAIU

Imagining procedure that measures levels of radioactivity in the thyroid after oral or IV administration of radioactive iodine