Chapter 2 (Eng --> Persian) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 (Eng --> Persian) Deck (186):
1

introduce yourself

خودتان را معرفی کنید

2

where are you from (formal)?

کجایی هَستید؟

3

word

لغت

4

meaning

معنی

5

part of speech (ex. noun, adjective, etc)

نقش دستوری

6

example

مثال

7

hello

سلام

8

goodbye

خُداحافِظ --> shortened to جُدافِظ when speaking informally

9

first name

اسم \ نام

10

last name

فامیلی \ نام خانوادگی

11

what is your name?

اسم شما چیست؟

12

my name is ___ *NOTE: if your name ends with a vowel, the ast is pronounced "ast". If your name ends with a consonant, you can pronounce it as "e/".

اسم مَن ـــ است

13

(me too) it is nice to meet you

من هم) خُوشوَقتَم)

14

Mrs/Miss/Ms

خانَم

15

Mr

آقا

16

girl, daughter

دُختار

17

boy, son

پِسَر

18

what is...?

چیست ؟

19

also, too

هَمینطور \ هَم

20

how, in what way?

چِطور

21

where?

کُجا

22

time

وَقت

23

accent

لَهجِه

24

Shiraz (a city in southern Iran)

شیراز

25

Esfahan (a city in central Iran)

اصفهان

26

father

پِدَر

27

mother

مادَر

28

sister

خواهَر

29

brother

بَرادَر

30

child, baby

بَچّه

31

woman, wife

زَن

32

husband

شوهَر

33

uncle (maternal)

دایی

34

aunt (maternal)

خالِه

35

uncle (paternal)

عَمو

36

aunt (paternal)

عَمِه

37

cousin (daughter of maternal uncle)

دُختَر دایی

38

cousin (daughter of maternal aunt)

دُختَر خالِه

39

cousin (daughter of paternal uncle)

دختر عمو

40

cousin (daughter of paternal aunt)

دختر عمه

41

cousin (son of maternal uncle)

پسر دایی

42

cousin (son of maternal aunt)

پسر خاله

43

cousin (son of paternal uncle)

پشر عمو

44

cousin (son of paternal aunt)

پشر عمه

45

to

به

46

household, family

خانواده

47

when (relative pronoun)

وقتی

48

what?

چیست

49

excuse me

ببخشید

50

question marker

آیا

51

specific direct object marker

را

52

three

سه

53

one

یک

54

big, old

بزرگ

55

It's very nice to meet you (lit. of the meeting of you I am very pleased to meet you)

از آشنایی شما بسیار خوشوقتم

56

teacher

معلم

57

me too, also (emphatic, lit. me too also)

من هم همینطور

58

question word

کلمه پرسشی

59

with

با

60

in

در

61

city

(شهر (-ها

62

historical

تاریخی

63

my heart

دلم

64

for, in order to

برای

65

how many?

(چند (تا

66

he lives

زندگی می کُنَد

67

still (as in "he is still a child")

هنوز

68

with

با

69

engineer

مهندس

70

construction

ساهتمان

71

one of...

یکی از

72

he passed away

فوُت کَرد

73

he studies

درس می کند

74

he works

کار می کند

75

he plays (i.e. an instrument)

زند

76

today

امروز

77

grandmother

مادر بزرگ

78

grandfather

پدربزرگ

79

grandchild

نَوِه

80

I

من

81

you (singular informal)

تو

82

he/she

او

83

we

ما

84

you (plural; formal singular)

شما

85

they

آنها

86

man

مرد

87

black

سیاه

88

hair

مو

89

professor

استاد

90

glasses

عینک

91

well (adverb)

خوب

92

he teaches

درس می دَهَد

93

university

دانشگاه

94

house

خانه

95

I like, love

دوست درم

96

present perfect tense marker

شده

97

martyr

شهید

98

s/he paints

نقاشی می کند

99

birthday

تولد

100

s/he was

بود

101

language

زبان

102

school

(مدرسه (ج. مدارس ، مدرسها

103

s/he goes

می رود

104

car

ماشین

105

old

قدیمی

106

new

جدید

107

beautiful

زیبا

108

happy

خوشهال

109

to be

بودن

110

to have

داشتن

111

country

کِشوَر

112

capital city

پایتخت

113

kind, nice

مهربان

114

- add kasra to words, except those which end in long vowels which get a ی or a hamze on the ه - shows possession (like in Arabic) - used to connect adjectives to nouns - used after titles like agha and khanim + surname - NOT used after titles + first name - used between first name and surname - NOT used when first name ends in long vowel

اضافه give the rule

115

elderly (more polite than "old")

مُسَن سالخورده

116

coworker

همکار

117

German

آلمانی

118

Turkish

ترکی

119

Japanese

ژاپنی

120

Chinese

چینی

121

Dutch

هلندی

122

Indian

هندی

123

Arab

عربی

124

Russian

روسی

125

Polish

لهستانی

126

Thai

تایلندی

127

how old are you (informal)?

تو چند سال داری؟ تو چند سالت است؟

128

knowledge

دانش

129

knowledge

علم

130

seeker

جو

131

learner

آموز

132

something that is part of you

مَند

133

university student

دانشجو

134

elementary or high school student

دانشاموز

135

scholar

دانشمند

136

place

جا

137

wet

تَر

138

why

چَرا

139

solution

حَل

140

good, happy (denotes a state of being)

خوش

141

good (adjective)

خوب

142

way

راه

143

gold

زَر

144

sleet, dew, also a name

ژاله

145

hat

سَر

146

king

شاه

147

water

آب

148

sadness

غَم

149

elephant

فیل

150

swan

قو

151

deaf

کَر

152

job

کار

153

mistake (from french)

گَف

154

lip

لَب

155

mouse

موش

156

affectionate term (lit. mouse mouse)

موش موش

157

dear (use after a name to denote affection, e.g. Noelia jan)

جان

158

bread

نان

159

but

ولی

160

every

هَر

161

one

یک

162

but

آمّا

163

but

لکن

164

but

بیک

165

friend

دوست

166

no

نَه

167

to be *note the special negation: present: نِیست past: نَبود

(-بودَن (است ، بود

168

to have *note the special negation: present: نَدارم past: نَداشتم

(-داشتن (دار- ، داشت

169

to go

(-ربتن (رو

170

to eat

( -خوردن (خور- ، خورد

171

negation of the present tense for most verbs (except to be, to have) * placed before a simple verb, or between the two parts of a compound verb

می \ نِمی

172

to eat (food)

غذا خوردم

173

to fall (lit. to eat the floor/earth)

زمین خوردم

174

- consonant endings: normal (e.g م ، -ی ، -است-) - words that end in ی or unpronounced ه = add an alif (ام ، -ای ، -است- ) - words that end in ا or و (e.g. یم - -یی ، -است-)

connections between words and possessive suffixes

175

order, command, speech/speaking

دستور

176

about, approximately

حدوداً

177

to get more information

كسب اطلاعات بیشتر

178

capital city

پایتخت

179

to search, research

جستجو کردن

180

to introduce

معرفی کردن

181

I miss ____ (lit. my heart has become tight for ___)

دلم برای ـــ تنگ شده است

182

last year

پارسال

183

to pray

نماز خواندن

184

to need __

به ــــ نیاز داشتن

185

in order to (verb in infinitive), I need ____

من برای (خواندن) به ___ عینک نیاز دارم

186

winter coat

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