Chapter 22: Chilbirth and Gynecological Emergencies Flashcards Preview

Emergency Clinical Care > Chapter 22: Chilbirth and Gynecological Emergencies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 22: Chilbirth and Gynecological Emergencies Deck (12)
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1
Q

Amniotic Sac:

A

bag of waters; surrounds the fetus inside the uterus. The fluid in the sac cushions the fetus and protects it from injury.

2
Q

Bloody Show:

A

mucus and blood that might be discharged from the vagina as labor begins

3
Q

Umbilical Cord:

A

the extension of the placenta through the fetus, receives nourishment while in the uterus

4
Q

Labor

A

begins with the regular uterine contractions, delivery of the baby, and the delivery of the placenta.

5
Q

Describe the first stage of labor

A

first contraction to the cervix fully opening it lasts several hours. Aching sensations turn into cramp-like pains. At first, they are 10-15 minutes apart, not that severe, and are less than 1 minute. Then the intervals grow shorter and increase in intensity. Bloody show may occur. At the end of the stage, the amniotic sac breaks

6
Q

Describe the second stage of labor

A

30 minutes-2 hours. Cervix is fully open and the baby is birthed.

7
Q

Describe the third stage of labor

A

15 minutes- placenta is expelled

8
Q

Crowning

A

When the fetus’ head presses against the vaginal opening and begins to bulge out

9
Q

Uterine Prolapse

A

when vaginal childbirth or other ther conditions weaken the muscles and tissues of the pelvic floor so they can no longer support the weight of the uterus

10
Q

Breech

A

when the baby’s buttocks or lower extremities emerge before the head and shoulders

11
Q

Premature children

A

less than 37 weeks; likely to gain heart and respiratory issues

12
Q

Ectopic pregnancy

A

when the fetus develops somewhere other than the uterus