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Flashcards in ECC Deck (49)
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1
Q

Implied consent:

A

involves an unresponsive person with a life-threatening condition. It is assumed or applied that an unresponsive person would consent to life-saving interventions
An alert person who does not resist the care of a first aid provider is also assumed to have given implied consent

2
Q

Abandonment

A

: leaving a person after starting to give help without first ensuring that the person will receive continued care at the same level or higher
Once you have responded to an emergency, you cannot stop providing aid until another competent or trained person takes responsibility

3
Q

Negligence

A

not following the accepted standards of care, resulting in further injury to the person
Involves:
Having a duty to act
Breaching that duty (either by not giving care or by giving substandard care)
Causing injury or damage
Exceeding your level of training

4
Q

Duty to Act

A

Employer requres it, peeexisting responsibility exists

5
Q

Breach of Duty:

A

happens when a first aid provider fails to provide the type of care that would be given by a person having the same or similar training

6
Q

Act of omission:

A

failure to do what a reasonably prudent person with the same or similar training would do in the same or similar circumstances

7
Q

Act of commission:

A

doing something that a reasonably prudent person would not do under the same or similar circumstances

8
Q

What si the outcome of breach of duty?

A

Injury and damage can include: physical pain and suffering, mental anguish, medical expenses, and sometimes loss of earnings and earning capacity

9
Q

Good Samaritan Laws:

A

encourage people to assist others in distress by granting them protection from lawsuits
Generally applies only when rescuer:
Is acting during an emergency
Is acting in good faith, which means they have good intentions
Is acting without compensation
Is not guilty of malicious misconduct or gross negligence toward the person

10
Q

How long should scene size up be?

A

10 seconds

11
Q

What should you look for during scene size up?

A

Hazards, how many people are involved, what is wrong, what has happened, and are there bystanders to help

12
Q

What are some standard precautions?

A

Handwashing- most effectie
PPE- medical exam glove(should always be worn when there is contact with bodily fluids)
Masks
Mouth-to mouth barrier devices such as pocket mask during CPR
gowns, aprons are other stuff

13
Q

Lateral (outer)

A

part of the body farthest from the middle of the body

14
Q

Medial (inner):

A

: parts of the body closer to the middle of the body

15
Q

Proximal (close):

A

): areas that are closer to the center of the body or to a point where the arm or leg is attached to the body

16
Q

Distal (distant):

A

areas that are distant from the center of the body or from the point of attachment

17
Q

How does the digestive system and nervous system interlap?

A

hypothalamus maintains homeostasis by triggering appetite (stomach growling)

18
Q

Carotid artery:

A

major artery at neck, supplies head with blood

19
Q

Femoral artery:

A

major artery at thigh, supplies thigh and leg with blood

20
Q

Radial artery:

A

one of two main arteries of lower arm

21
Q

Brachial artery:

A

: artery of the upper arm

22
Q

Posterior tibial artery:

A

located behind the inside ankle knob

23
Q

Dorsalis pedis artery:

A

top surface of the foot

24
Q

What is plasma and what does it contain?

A

liquid part of blood
About 90% water in which minerals, sugar, and other materials are dissolved

25
Q

What does plasma do?

A

Carries food materials pieces up from the digestive tract and transports them to body cells
Carries waste materials produced by cells to the kidneys, digestive tract, sweat glands, and lungs for elimination (excretion) in urine, feces, sweat, expired breath

26
Q

What are platelets?

A

the solid portion and transported by the plasma
Includes disklike red blood cells; slightly larger irregularly shapes white blood cells; smaller bodies called platelets

27
Q

Spinal column:

A

made up of irregularly shaped bones called vertebrae. Lying one on top of the other to form a strong, flexible column and bound together by ligaments. Between every vertebra is an intervertebral disk,

28
Q

intervertebral disk,

A

pad of tough elastic cartilage that acts as a shock absorber

29
Q

Xiphoid process:

A

lowest portion of the sternum

30
Q

Thorax/rib cage:

A

made up of ribs and sternum (breast bone)

31
Q

Patella

A

kneecap

32
Q

tibia

A

shin bone

33
Q

fibula

A

attached to the top of the tibia

34
Q

humerus

A

upper arm bone

35
Q

ulna

A

on the side of the radius; pinky side; forms the elbow a bit

36
Q

radius

A

thumb side of the forearm

37
Q

carpals

A

irregularly shaped bones in the wrist

38
Q

metacarpals

A

5 long bones in the palm of the hand

39
Q

phalanges

A

14 bones fo the fingers

40
Q

3 types of muscle

A

voluntary/ skeletal muscle
smooth muscle: inner lining of organs
cardiac muscle

41
Q

Endocrine system function

A

Regulates body activities using hormones (slow response, long-lasting)

42
Q

what is part of the immune system?

A

WBCs
T cells
B cells
Macrophages
Skin

43
Q

RUQ

A

gallbladder, liver, duodenum, right kidney, part of colon, part of pancreas

44
Q

LUQ

A

stomach, spleen, left kidney, part of pancreas, part of liver, part of colon

45
Q

RLQ

A

right ureter, , right ovary, right fallopian tube, right spermatic cord, part of colon, part of kidney, appendix

46
Q

LLQ

A

left ureter, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left spermatic cord, part of colon, part of kidney

47
Q

What is the primary assessment?

A

Identify life-threatening conditions so you can immediately take action to treat conditions
Includes checking for responsiveness, checking breathing, checking circulation, and severe external bleeding

48
Q

What does SAMPLE stand for

A

Symptoms
Allergies
Medications
Past Medical History
Last food or drink
Events leading up to the illness or injury

49
Q

Secondary Assessment

A

Focus on the chief complaint & immediately treat any life-threatening conditions