Chapter 19: Bites and Stings Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19: Bites and Stings Deck (13)
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1
Q

How do human bites occur? Can they get infected?

A

: can happen accidentally or non-accidentally; risk of infection is high especially on the hand

2
Q

What is a true bite and when does it occur?

A

the flesh is between the teeth
Occurs during fights and during cases of abuse

3
Q

What is a Clenched fist injury

A

cutting a fist on teeth usually during fights
Laceration over the knuckles and can lead to a high risk of infection

4
Q

treatment of human bites

A

If not bleeding heavily, wash with soap and water for 5-10 minutes. Avoid scrubbing
Flush the wound thoroughly with running water
Use direct pressure to control bleeding
Cover the wound with sterile dressing
Seek professional medical care for possible further wound cleaning, a possible tetanus shot and suture to close the wound

5
Q

Describe pit vipers

A

triangular flat head that is wider than the neck,; vertical, elliptical pupils (cat’s eye) sensitive pit between the eye and nostril

6
Q

Symptoms of Pit Vipers Bite

A

severe burning pain, two small puncture wounds, swelling within 10-15 minutes, discoloration & blood filled blisters within 6-10 hours, nausea, vomiting, sweating and weakness (in severe cases)

7
Q

Treatment of pit viper bites

A

Get the person and bystanders away from the snake- dead or alive
Keep the person calm an dstill
Try to remember the snake and shape of its head
Remove any constricting items from the bitten body part to avoid constriction from swelling
Genlty wash the bite with soap and running water and apply a sterile dressing over fang marks
Call 911
If possible carry the person
Do not apply a pressure bandage

8
Q

Describe a coral snake

A

small and colorful, with a series of bright red, yellow and black bands. Black snout

9
Q

Symptoms of coral snake bites

A

few immediate signs couple hours later: nausea, vomiting, sweating, tremors, drowsiness, slurred speech, blurred vision, swallowing difficulty and breathing difficulties

10
Q

Treatment of coral snake bites

A

911
Use wide elastic bandage
Start wrapping the end of the arm or leg and go upward
Use same tightness as sprained ankle
Stabilize the bitten arm or leg and keep it below heart level

11
Q

Nonvenomous snake bite signs

A

horseshoe shape of toothmarks on skin, bleeding, possible swelling, mild itching and tenderness

12
Q

Treatment of Nonvenomous snake bites

A

Clean the wound with soap and water
Treat it as a shallow wound
Consult a physician

13
Q

Bullseye rash

A

: Best known early symptom of Lyme disease which affects 80% of affected people