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Flashcards in chapter-3 Deck (178)

Who makes national military policy decisions? (53)

Civilians assigned to the military and executive and legislative branches of government.


What establishes the basic principle of civilian control of the armed forces? (53)

The US Constitution.


As Commander in Chief (CINC), the President hasthe final command authority. How is this authority limited? (53)

As head of the executive branch, he or she is subject to the "checks and balances" of the legislative and judicial branches.


What did the National Security Act of 1947 establish? (53)



What is the DoD's function? (53)

To maintain and employ the armed forces.


What departments form the DoD? (53)

The 1) Office of The Secretary of Defense (OSD); 2) Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS); 3) Joint Staff (JS); 4) Departments of the Army, Navy (including the US Marine Corps) and Air Force; and 5) unified Combatant Commands (COCOM) and forces dedicated to combined commands, defense agencies and DoD field activities.


Who is the head of the DoD? (53)

The SecDe£


To whom does the SecDef provide written policyguidance? (53)

The DoD component chief; Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS); secretaries of the military departments and commanders of the combatant commands.


Who formulates general defense policy (and policyrelated to all matters of direct and primary concern to the DoD) and executes approved policy as the principal defense policy advisor to the President? (53)

The SecDef. (Appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.)


The operational chain of command runs from thePresident to the SecDef to the ____ . (53)

Combatant Commanders (CCDR).


In what areas does the Armed Forces Policy Council assist the SecDef? (53)

Matters requiring a long-range view and formulating broad defense policy.


Name the five Under Secretaries of Defense. (53)

1) Policy; 2) Comptroller; 3) Personnel and Readiness; 4) Acquisition, Technology and Logistics; and 5) Intelligence.


Name three special agencies that provide staff assistance to the SecDef. (53)

1) Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA); 2) Security Service; and 3) Defense Logistics Agency (DLA).


Who is the principal military advisor to the President, National Security Council (NSC) and the SecDef?(54)

The Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS). (He or she may also be assigned oversight of the combatant commands.)


How is the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS)selected? (54)

The President appoints the CJCS from the officers of the regular components of the armed forces (by and with the advice and consent of the Senate).


The Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) holdsthe grade of general (or admiral) and outranks all other officers of the armed forces while serving. T/F (54)



Does the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS)exercise military command over either the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) or any of the armed forces? (54)



What allows the President to authorize communications through the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS)? (54)

A provision of the Goldwater-Nichols DoD Reorganization Act of 1986.


Who do the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) advise? (54)

The President, SecDef and National Security Council (NSC).


The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) provide strategic direction for the armed forces, review major materiel and personnel requirements and establish joint doctrine. What are their other responsibilities? (54)

Assigning logistic responsibilities to the military services, formulating joint training policies and coordinating military education.


Who are the members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff(JCS)? (54)

The 1) Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS); 2) Vice Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (VCJCS); 3) Chief of Staff, US Army (CSA); 4) Chief of Naval Operations (CNO); 5) Chief of Staff, US Air Force (CSAF); and 6) Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC).


Who serves as a member of, as well as presides over, the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS)? (54)

The Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS). (He or she also furnishes the recommendations and views of the JCS to the President, National Security Council (NSC) or the SecDef.)


Why do the service chiefs delegate many of theirJoint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) duties to their vice chiefs of staff while retaining overall responsibility? (54)

Because their JCS duties take precedence over all other duties.


Who assists members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff(JCS) with strategic direction, unified operation of combatant commands and integration of all land, naval and air forces? (54)

The Joint Staff (JS) (over 1,500 military and civilian personnel composed of approximately even numbers of officers drawn from the Army, Navy and Air Force).


Direction of the Joint Staff (JS) rests exclusively with__ .(54)

The Chairman, Joint Chiefs ofStaff(CJCS).


Who establishes unified combatant commands? (54)

The President, assisted by the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff(CJCS) through the SecDef.


Who deploys, directs, controls and coordinates theaction of the unified combatant command's forces; conducts joint training exercises; and controls certain support functions? (54)

The Combatant Commanders (CCDR). (Responsible to both the SecDefand President.)


A unified Combatant Command (COCOM) has abroad, continuing mission with forces drawn from two or more military departments. How are they organized? (54)

On a geographical and functional basis.


Name the eight unified commands. (54)

1) US European Command (USEUCOM); 2) US Pacific Command (USPACOM); 3) US Northern Command (USNORTHCOM); 4) US Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM); 5) US Central Command (USCENTCOM); 6) US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM); 7) US Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM); and 8) US Strategic Command (USSTRA TCOM).


Once a force is assigned to a unified command, who has the authority to transfer it? (54)

The SecDef. (Or under special procedures of this office with the President's approval.)


What type of command consists of forces from more than one allied nation? (54)

Combined commands.


Under what terms does a combined command normally operate? (54)

Terms of a treaty, alliance or bilateral agreement between or among the nations concerned.


Give three examples of multinational commands.(55)

1) The North American Aerospace Defense Command; 2) Combined Forces Command Korea; and 3) Allied Command Operations.


What are the three military departments? (55)

The Air Force, Army and Navy. (The Navy includes the Marine Corps and, in wartime, the Coast Guard.)


To whom do the service secretaries provide efficiently organized, trained and equipped ready forces? (55)

Combatant Commanders (CCDR).


Who helps the SecDef manage the administrative, training and logistic functions of the military departments? (SS)

The service secretaries.


The traditional roles and mission of each branch ofservice are called __ . (SS)



What agreement between the SecDef and JointChiefs of Staff (JCS) established the functions for each branch of the armed forces? (SS)

The Key West Agreement of 1948. (Revised in 1953 and 1958.)


Identify the three general functions of the armedforces. (SS)

1) Support and defend the US Constitution; 2) ensure the security of the US, its possessions and areas vital to its interests; and 3) uphold and advance US national policies and interests.


Name several specific functions the military departments share. (SS)

1) Preparing forces and establishing reserves of personnel, equipment and supplies; 2) planning for expansion of peacetime components to meet wartime needs; 3) maintaining mobile reserve forces; 4) preparing and submitting budgets to the SecDef; 5) administering funds; and 6) helping each other accomplish their respective functions.


The Department of the Air Force consists of whatdivisions? (SS)

Headquarters Air Force (HAF) and its field units.


The Air Force prepares the air and space forces necessary for what actions? (55)

1) Effective prosecution of war; 2) military operations short of war; and 3) expanding peacetime components to meet the needs of war.


The Air Force organizes, trains, equips and providesforces for what six primary functions? (56-56)

1) Air and space combat operations; 2) strategic air and missile warfare; 3) joint amphibious, space and airborne operations; 4) close air support and air logistic support for the Army and other forces; 5) operating air and space lines of communications; and 6) supporting and conducting psychological operations.


The Air Force also has a primary function to provideequipment, forces, procedures, and doctrine necessary for effective __ warfare operations. (56)



How is the SECAF selected? (56)

A civilian is appointed by the President (by and with the advice and consent of the Senate).


As head of the Department of the Air Force, theSECAF recruits, organizes, supplies, equips, trains, services, mobilizes, demobilizes and administers personnel. Name several more responsibilities. (56)

He or she also 1) maintains, constructs, outfits, and repairs military equipment; 2) constructs, maintains and repairs buildings, structures and utilities; and 3) acquires real property and interests in real property.


Who has authority, control and direction over theSECAF?(56)

The SecDef.


How is the Chief of Staff, US Air Force (CSAF) selected? (56)

The President appoints the CSAF from the general officers of the Air Force (by and with the advice and consent of the Senate).


The Chief of Staff, US Air Force (CSAF) serves fora(n) __ -year period. (56)



Who exercises authority, direction and control overthe Chief of Staff, US Air Force (CSAF)? (56)

The SECAF and SecDef.


Name at least two of the Chief of Starrs, US AirForce (CSAF) responsibilities. (56)

Any two of the following: the CSAF 1) presides over the Air Staff; 2) carries out recommendations or plans approved by the SECAF; 3) exercises supervision of the Air Force, as determined by the SECAF; and 4) as a Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) member, informs the SECAF on matters affecting the Department of the Air Force.


The ANG is a MAJCOM. T/F (56)

False. (It is a very important component of the total force in offensive, defensive and relief operations.)


Who administers the ANG? (56)

The National Guard Bureau (a joint bureau of the departments of the Army and Air Force) located in the Pentagon, Washington, DC.


What is the ANG's federal mission? (56)

To maintain well-trained and well-equipped units for prompt mobilization during war and to assist during national emergencies.


What is the ANG's federal mission during peacetime? (56)

Its combat-ready and support units are assigned to most Air Force MAJCOMs to carry out missions compatible with training, mobilization readiness, and humanitarian and contingency operations (such as Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan).


What is the ANG's state mission (when not mobilized or under federal control)? (56)

The protection of life and property and the preservation of peace, order and public safety.


Who do ANG units report to when not mobilized orunder federal control? (56)

The governor of their respective state, territory or the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard.


How does the ANG accomplish its state mission toprotect life and property and preserve peace, order and public safety? (56)

Through 1) emergency relief support during natural disasters; 2) search and rescue operations; 3) supporting civil defense authorities; 4) maintaining vital public services; and 5) counterdrug operations.


The ANG has more than officers and enlistedpersonnel who serve in 88 flying units and 579 independent support units. (57)



Who are the primary sources of full-time support forANG units? (57)

Dual-status military technicians and guardsmen on active duty. (They perform day-to-day management, administration and maintenance.)


Dual-status military technicians are civil service employees of the federal government who must be military members of the unit that employs them. T/F (57)

True. (Technicians train with the unit and mobilize with it when activated.)


What is the Air Staff's function? (57)

To help the SECAF carry out his or her responsibilities.


Name at least five of the Air Staff military advisorsto the SECAF. (57)

Any five of the following: 1) Chief of Staff; 2) Vice Chief of Staff; 3) Deputy Chiefs of Staff; 4) Assistant Chiefs of Staff; 5) Surgeon General of the Air Force; 6) Judge Advocate General of the Air Force; 7) Chief of the Air Force Reserve; 8) other members of the Air Force assigned or detailed to the Air Staff; and 9) civilian employees in the Department of the Air Force assigned or detailed to the Air Staff


Headquarters, US Air Force (HQ USAF) includeswhat two major entities? (57)

1) Secretariat (the SECAF and his or her principal staff); and 2) Air Staff, headed by the Chief of Staff


List the Department of the Air Force field units. (57)

MAJCOMs, Field Operating Agencies (FOA) and Direct Reporting Units (DRU).


The Air Force is organized __ in the US and__ overseas. (57)

Functionally; Geographically.


__ are major Air Force subdivisions, directlysubordinate to Headquarters, US Air Force (HQ USAF). (57)

MAJCOMs. (They are interrelated and complementary, providing offensive, defensive and support elements. Each has a specific portion of the Air Force mission.)


What kind of command consists (in whole or in part)of strategic, tactical, space or defense forces, or of flying forces that directly support such forces? (57)

Operational commands.


What type of command may provide supplies, weapon systems, support systems, operational support equipment, combat materiel, maintenance, surface transportation, education and training, or special services and other supported organizations? (57)

Support commands.


Identify the ten Air Force MAJCOMs. (57-62)

1) Air Combat Command (ACC); 2) Air Mobility Command (AMC); 3) Air Force Space Command (AFSPC); 4) Pacific Air Forces (P ACAF); 5) US Air Forces in Europe (USAFE); 6) Air Education and Training Command (AETC); 7) Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC); 8) Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC); 9) Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC); and 10) AFR Command (AFRC).


Which MAJCOM was created 1 June 1992 and isheadquartered at Langley AFB, VA. (57)

Air Combat Command (ACC).


What is Air Combat Command's (ACC) mission?

To prepare assigned forces for air combat in a theater of operations; to organize, train and equip forces for joint or combined operations in the roles of aerospace control and force application, enhancement and support.


Name three of Air Combat Command's (ACC) responsibilities. (57)

Any three of the following: 1) orgamzmg, tra1mng and equipping combat-ready forces; 2) providing air forces for US Strategic Command (USSTRA TCOM); 3) supporting the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) and US Customs Agency; 4) testing and acquiring new or improved combat systems and equipment through US Atlantic Command (USACOM); 5) providing combat-ready forces, support and equipment to unified commands (when directed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS)); 6) providing air defense forces to US Element North American Air Defense Command (USELNORAD); 7) providing C-130s and air mobility mission support to US Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM); and 8) serving as Gaining MAJCOM (GMAJCOM) for assigned AFR and ANG forces (with the authority to mobilize or recall them to active duty).


More than __ active duty members and 13,500civilians make up Air Combat Command's (ACC) workforce. (57)

67,000. (When mobilized, more than 50,000 ANG and AFR members and 675 aircraft are also assigned to ACC.)


Air Combat Command (ACC) and ACC-gainedunits fly more than __ aircraft. (57)



Which MAJCOM provides rapid, flexible and responsive air mobility to promote regional stability and provide America's Global Reach? (58)

Air Mobility Command (AMC). (Created 1 June 1992, headquartered at Scott AFB, IL.)


Which three wings are included in Air MobilityCommand's (AMC) mission? (58)

1) Airlift; 2) air refueling; and 3) air mobility wings.


Airlift wings transport and deliver forces and materiel through the air. Name their other functions. (58)

1) Perform passenger and cargo movement, combat employment and resupply, aeromedical evacuations and special operations support; 2) support validated customer requests for airlift; and 3) support expeditionary units with deployed forces.


Air refueling wings refuel aircraft in flight. Whatdoes this accomplish? (58)

It extends presence, increases range and allows air forces to bypass potential problem areas.


List the types of support provided by Air MobilityCommand's (AMC) air refueling and air mobility wings. (58)

1) OPLAN 8044; 2) global attack; 3) air bridge; 4) deployment; and 5) theater support.


Air refueling wings use a special operations system to achieve strategic-, operational- and __ -level objectives. (58)



Air mobility wings perform a combination of missions from airlift and air refueling wings. T/F (58)



Wing leadership addresses all non-warfighting andappropriate support issues directly with Air MobilityCommand (AMC) staff for resolution. Who is tasked to keep the 18th Air Force leadership informed of those issues? (58)

Wing commanders and/or staff directors.


Air Mobility Command (AMC) encompasses morethan __ active duty, ANG, AFR and DoD civilian personnel. (58)



Which MAJCOM provides military-focused space and cyberspace capabilities with a global perspective to the joint warfighting team? (58)

Air Force Space Command (AFSPC). (Created 1 September 1982; headquartered at Peterson AFB, CO.)


What is Air Force Space Command's (AFSPC) mission? (58)

To provide resilient and cost-effective space and cyberspace capabilities for the Joint Force and the nation.


What are Air Force Space Command's (AFSPC)responsibilities? (58)

1) Organizing, training and equipping Air Force space forces; 2) providing these forces to US Space Command (USSPACECOM); 3) supporting acquisition and performing operational tests; 4) managing the payloads of designated military satellites; 5) communicating its mission and providing support to all military services and Combatant Commands (COCOM); and 6) serving as Gaining MAJCOM (GMAJCOM) for assigned AFR and ANG forces (assisting to mobilize or recall them to active duty as authorized by Headquarters Air Force (HAF)).


How many personnel comprise Air Force SpaceCommand (AFSPC)? (58)

Approximately 41,000. (Including active duty military and civilians, and contractor employees.)


Name two of the systems Air Force Space Command ~ (AFSPC) acquires, operates and supports. (58)

Any two of the following: 1) Global Positioning System; 2) Defense Satellite Communications Systems; 3) Defense Meteorological Satellite Program; 4) Defense Support Program; 5) Wideband Global Satellite Communications (SATCOM) Satellite systems; 6) MILSTAR and Advanced Extremely High Frequency (EHF); 7) Global Broadcast Service; 8) the Space-Based Infrared System Program; and 9) Space Based Space Surveillance Satellite.


Which two launch vehicles, currently operated byAir Force Space Command (AFSPC), comprise theEvolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Program? (58)

Delta IV and Atlas V.


What is the Air Force Satellite Control Network?(58)

A worldwide network of satellite tracking stations that provide satellite communications links.


Name the four ground-based radars primarily usedfor ballistic missile warnings. (59)

1) The Ballistic Missile Early Warning System; 2) Upgraded Early Warning Radar System; 3) Precision Avionics Vectoring Equipment (PAVE) Phased Array Warning System; and 4) Perimeter Acquisition Radar Attack Characterization System.


What four systems provide primary space surveillance coverage? (59)

1) The Maui Optical Tracking Identification Facility; 2)Ground-based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance System; 3) Passive Space Surveillance System; and 4) phasedarray and mechanical radars.


How does the Rapid Attack Identification, Detectionand Reporting System provide Space Situational Awareness and threat assessment? (59)

By detecting, characterizing, reporting and geolocating electromagnetic interference on satellite communications.


Pacific Air Forces (P ACAF) is headquartered atJoint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, HI. What is its mission? (59)

To 1) deliver rapid and precise air, space and cyberspace capabilities to protect and defend the US, its territories, interests and allies; 2) provide integrated air and missile warning and defense; 3) promote interoperability throughout the Area of Responsibility (AOR); 4) maintain strategic access and freedom of movement across all domains; and 5) be postured to respond in order to restore Asia-Pacific security.


Pacific Air Forces (P ACAF) was renamed four yearsafter the Korean War armistice. What had it previously been known as? (59)

Far East Air Forces. (It included the 5th Air Force, 13th Air Force, 20th Air Force and the Far East Materiel Command.)


Pacific Air Forces' (PACAF) Area of Responsibility(AOR) covers more than __ square miles. (59)

100 million. (The area is home to nearly 50 percent of the world's population spanning 36 nations.)


Name two of Pacific Air Forces' (PACAF) responsibilities. (59)

Any two of the following: l) planning, coordinating, supporting and conducting air and space operations for US Pacific Command (USPACOM) tasks and objectives; 2) providing assigned forces to other Combatant Commands (COCOM) on order; 3) overseeing training and readiness of Pacific Air Forces (PACAF)-gained AFR and ANG forces; and 4) establishing, sustaining, improving, maintaining and operating its bases and facilities throughout the US Pacific Command's (USP ACOM) Area of Responsibility (AOR).


Where do Pacific Air Forces' (PACAF) approximately45,000 military and civilian personnel primarily serve? (59)

Hawaii, Alaska, Japan, Guam and the Republic of Korea.


What type of aircraft are assigned to Pacific AirForces (P ACAF)? (59)

Approximately 400 fighter, attack and support aircraft.


Pacific Air Force (P ACAF) is home to the onlyfighter squadrons and C-17 units based OCONUS. (59)



The 8th Air Force was established in 1942 and wasrenamed __ in 1945. (59)

US Air Forces in Europe (USAFE). (Headquartered at Ramstein AB, GE.)


As a MAJCOM of the USAF and the Air Force component of US European Command (USEUCOM), what is US Air Forces in Europe's (USAFE) mission? (59)

To 1) organize, train and equip its forces for independent, joint or combined military operations; 2) provide rapidly deployable, capabilities-focused expeditionary air and space forces to Combatant Commanders (CCDR); 3) enhance trans-Atlantic security; 4) promote regional stability; and 5) advance US interests in Europe, the Mediterranean, the Russian Federation, the Caspian Sea, the Middle East and assigned nations in Africa.


US Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) plans, coordinates, supports and conducts employment of air and space operations to achieve __ and __ objectives.(59)

US European Command (USEUCOM); NATO. (Based on USEUCOM tasking.)


More than __ active duty, AFR, ANG and civilian employees are assigned to US Air Forces in Europe(USAFE). (59)



What resources are under US Air Forces in Europe(USAFE) control? (59)

About 225 fighter, attack, rotary wing, tanker and transport aircraft and a full complement of conventional weapons.


The realignment of Air Training Command and AirUniversity led to the establishment of which MAJCOM on 1July1993? (60)

Air Education and Training Command (AETC). (Headquartered at Randolph AFB, TX.)


How does Air Education and Training Command(AETC) accomplish its mission to recruit, train and educate professional Airmen to sustain the combat capability of America's Air Force? (60)

It 1) recruits and prepares officers, Airmen and civilian employees for Air Force duties; 2) provides training and education as directed by the Chief of Staff, US Air Force (CSAF); and 3) provides international and interservice training and education.


Name five responsibilities of Air Education andTraining Command (AETC). (60)

Any five of the following: 1) accessing and classifying officer and enlisted personnel; 2) providing initial military training through BMT, Officer Training School {OTS) and/or ROTC; 3) developing, conducting and evaluating initial skills, advanced technical training and graduate academic education programs; 4) developing and conducting undergraduate and graduate flying training (assigned by the Chief of Staff (CS)); 5) conducting joint, medical service and readiness training; 6) conducting Air Force security assistance training; 7) providing and administering PME programs; 8) administering Air Force ROTC and Junior ROTC programs and the CCAF; 9) recalling Individual Ready Reservists (IRR); 10) providing mobility and contingency tasking support to Combatant Commanders (CCDR); 11) providing oversight, integration and management of the Air Force Advanced Distributed Leaming Program (AF ADLP); and 12) providing management and oversight for the Air Force's auxiliary Civil Air Patrol.


More than __ active duty members, 14,000 civilianpersonnel, 4,000 ANG and AFR personnel, and11,700 contractors make up Air Education and Training Command (AETC). (60)



Air Education and Training Command (AETC) isresponsible for approximately __ aircraft. ( 60)



Which MAJCOM was formed through the reorganization of Air Force Logistics Command and Air Force

Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC). (Created I July V 1992, headquartered at Wright-Patterson AFB, OH.)


What is Air Force Materiel Command's (AFMC)mission? (60)

To manage the integrated research, development, testing, acquisition and sustainment of weapon systems while supporting system acquisition activities.


Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) produces andacquires advanced systems while operating research laboratories and product, logistic and test centers. What two schools does it also operate? (60)

The USAF School of Aerospace Medicine and the USAF Test Pilot School.


Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) organizes,trains and equips in-place and deployable forces to support peacetime operations and worldwide contingencies. Name its other responsibilities. (60)

To 1) research, develop, test, evaluate and acquire new technologies and systems; 2) provide centralized management for development and deployment of Air Force systems; 3) sustain systems and commodities; and 4) provide centralized business and financial management of the Air Force depot maintenance, supply management and information systems business areas of the defense business operations fund.


Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) has a workforce of about __ military and civilian personnel. (60)



When was Air Force Special Operations Command(AFSOC) established and where is it headquartered? (61)

Established 22 May 1990; headquartered at Hurlburt Field, FL.


What is Air Force Special Operations Command's(AFSOC) mission? (61)

To prepare assigned or attached forces to 1) apply specialized airpower under combatant commanders; 2) conduct independent, joint or combined operations in support of aviation foreign internal defense, force application, joint air/Special Operations Force (SOF) battlefield interface, mobility of forces in denied territory and psychological operations mission areas.


For what collateral activities does Air Force SpecialOperations Command's (AFSOC) mission training prepare their forces? (61)

Humanitarian assistance, counter-narcotics and personnel recovery operations.


Name Air Force Special Operations Command's(AFSOC) responsibilities. (61)

To 1) provide air component commanders and Air Force Special Operations Forces (AFSOF) in support of US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM); 2) ensure AFR and ANG SOFs are interoperable and operationally ready; 3) develop and test special operations concepts, doctrine, plans and tactics; 4) plan, conduct, control and coordinate air operations for the Commander in Chief, Special Operations Command (CINCSOC) as directed; 5) standardize procedures, equipment, organization and training for all Combat Control Forces (except those assigned in Air Education and Training Command (AETC)); and 6) ensure a combat-ready force to support worldwide joint operations and Air Force airlift.


Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC)has approximately __ active duty, AFR, ANG andcivilian personnel. (61)



What type of aircraft do Air Force Special OperationsCommand's (AFSOC) active duty and AFR flyingunits operate? (61)

Fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft. (Including the CV-22, AC-130, C-130, C-145A, C-146A, EC-130, MC-130, U-28A and PC-12.)


Where is Air Force Global Strike Command(AFGSC) headquartered and when was it activated? (61)

Headquartered at Barksdale AFB, LA; activated 7 August 2009.


Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) is responsible for the nation's three ICBM wings, two B-52 wings and the only B-2 wing. What is its mission? (61)

To develop and provide combat-ready forces to conduct deterrence and global strike operations to support the President and Combatant Commanders (CCDR).


Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) is theAir Force component MAJCOM for which unified Combatant Command (COCOM)? (61)

US Strategic Command (USSTRA TCOM).


Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) organizes,trains, and equips combat-ready forces. What are its other responsibilities? (61)

To 1) provide forces for supported Combatant Commanders (CCDR); 2) ensure safe, secure and effective nuclear and conventional forces; 3) develop and support cooperative measures with other MAJCOMs and agencies to facilitate Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) direct support to US Strategic Command (USSTRA TCOM); 4) advocate for, perform, coordinate, sustain and support acquisitions for operational tests of weapon systems and equipment; 5) serve as a partner or lead MAJCOM for assigned AFR and ANG forces (assisting to mobilize or recall them to active duty as ordered by the SECAF); 6) provide a response task force for radiological incidents or accidents; 7) serve as the MAJCOM for the Airborne Emergency Action Officer Program for US Air Force members, B-2 and B-52 aircraft, air-launched cruise missiles, nuclear gravity munitions, UH- 1 N helicopters, Minuteman III ICBMs, and Nuclear Command, Control and Communications (C3) system; and 8) collaborate with Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) and Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center for ICBM and aircraft nuclear warhead matters.


How many Air Force Global Strike Command(AFGSC) professionals are assigned to six wings, two geographically-separated squadrons, one detachment in the CONUS and deployed locations around the globe? (61)

Approximately 23,000.


Major Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC)units and bases include 20th Air Force, F.E. WarrenAFB, WY and its three __ wings, as well as the 8thAir Force at Barksdale AFB, LA and its threewings. (61)

ICBM wings; Bomber wings.


Identify the Air Force Global Strike Command's(AFGSC) three 20th Air Force ICBM wings. (61)

1) 90th Missile Wing (MW) at F.E. Warren AFB; 2) 34lst MW at Malmstrom AFB, MT; and 3) 9lst MW at Minot AFB, ND.


Identify the Air Force Global Strike Command's(AFGSC) three 8th Air Force bomber wings. (61)

1) 509th Bomb Wing at Whiteman AFB; 2) 2nd Bomb Wing at Barksdale AFB; and 3) 5th Bomb Wing at Minot AFB.


How many squadrons fall under Air Force GlobalStrike Command (AFGSC)? (61)

Two. (The 576th Flight Test Squadron at Vandenberg AFB, CA and the 625th Strategic Operations Squadron at Offutt AFB, NE.)


Name the group that belongs to the Air Force GlobalStrike Command (AFGSC). (61)

Air Operations Group at Otis ANGB, MA. (And a detachment at Langley AFB, VA.)


Previously a Field Operating Agency (FOA), the AirForce Reserve Command (AFRC) became a MAJCOM on 17February1997. Where is it headquartered? (62)

Robins AFB, GA.


What is Air Force Reserve Command's (AFRC) mission? (62)

To provide Citizen Airmen to defend the US and to protect its interest through air and space power.


Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) organizes,trains and equips combat-ready forces that can operate as seamless members of the expeditionary air and space force. What else is it tasked to accomplish? (62)

To 1) provide these forces to Gaining MAJCOMs(GMAJCOM); 2) coordinate and maintain liaison with HQ USAF and GMAJCOMs to ensure reserve training standards and qualification levels meet mobilization requirements; 3) establish necessary priorities to ensure accelerated training programs and quotas for reserve individuals (especially in areas of skill shortages).


Air Force Reserve Command's (AFRC) more than__ officers and enlisted personnel serve 35 flyingwings equipped with their own aircraft and 9 associate units that share aircraft with active duty units. (62)



The Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) has morethan __ mission-support units that provide a widerange of services, including medical and aeromedical evacuation, aerial port, civil engineer, security force, intelligence, communications, mobility support, logistics and transportation operations, among others. (62)



__ are subdivisions of the Air Force directly subordinate to a Headquarters Air Force (HAF) functional manager. (62)

Field Operating Agencies (FOA).


Why are Field Operating Agencies (FOA) subordinate to a Headquarters Air Force (HAF) functional manager? (62)

Because FOAs perform field activities beyond the scope of the MAJCOMs.


Field Operating Agency (FOA) activities are specialized or associated with an Air Force-wide mission. Whendo they include functions performed in management headquarters (such as Air Mobility Command (AMC))? (62)

Only when specifically directed by a DoD authority.


Name two examples of Field Operating Agencies(FOA). (62)

1) The Air Force Personnel Center (AFPC) under the Deputy Chief of Staff for Manpower, Personnel and Services; 2) the Air Force OSI under The Inspector General (TIG).


What are Direct Reporting Units (DRU)? (62)

Air Force subdivisions directly subordinate to the Chief of Staff, US Air Force (CSAF). They perform missions that don't fit into any of the MAJCOMs and have many of the same administrative and organizational responsibilities as a MAJ COM.


Give two examples of Direct Reporting Units (DRU).(62)

The Air Force District of Washington and the USAF Academy(USAF A).


In descending order, list the levels of command below the MAJCOMs. (62)

Air Force Component Commands and Numbered Air Forces (NAF), then wings, groups, squadrons and flights.


To whom does a wing, group, squadron or flight report? (62)

To an Air Force Component Command or a Numbered Air Force (NAF), whichever is appropriate.


Why did the Air Force establish 13 new Air ForceComponent Numbered Air Forces (CNAF)? (62)

To support to the unified/subunified combatant command and Joint Task Force (JTF) commanders.


The Air Force Component Numbered Air Forces(CNAF) are the primary operational-level warfightingand Air Force component commands. T/F (62)

True. (Their HQ includes Air Force Forces (AFFOR) staff and Air and Space Operations Center (AOC).)


How does the warfighting HQ commander supportthe unified combatant commander across the full range of military operations? (62)

He or she assumes responsibilities as the Joint Forces Air Component Commander (JF ACC) for joint military operations in their respective area of operations, and commands a Joint Task Force (JTF) as required.


The Numbered Air Force (NAF) is a(n) levelof command directly under a MAJCOM, providing intermediate level operational leadership and supervision. (62)



Numbered Air Forces (NAF) should not exceed__ manpower authorizations without an approvedwaiver from Headquarters, US Air Force Directorate of Manpower and Organization (HQ USAF/AIM). (62)

99 manpower authorizations.


A(n) has a distinct mission with significantscope, maintains the installation and may have several squadrons in more than one dependent group. (63)



Name the three types of wings. (63)

1) Operational; 2) air base;3) specialized mission.


Wings have a minimum adjusted population of atleast __ , including manpower authorizations, students and a percentage of contractor workforces. (63)



What is an operational wing? (63)

A wing with an operations group and related operational mission activity assigned to it. (If it performs the primary mission of the base, it usually maintains and operates the base.)


Is an operational wing capable of self-support infunctional areas like maintenance and munitions? (63)



Which type of wing performs a support functionrather than an operational mission and maintains and operates a base? (63)

An air base wing. (Often provides functional support to a MAJCOM headquarters.)


Which type of wing may be either a host or tenantwing and usually does not have aircraft or missiles assigned to it? (63)

A specialized mission wing (i.e., intelligence wings, training wings, etc.).


A(n) __ is a level of command below the wing andusually has two or more subordinate units. (63)



Explain the difference between a dependent groupand an independent group. (63)

A dependent group is a mission, logistics, support, medical or large functional unit (such as a civil engineering group). It may have small supporting staff elements organized as sections, such as standardization and evaluation or quality control. An independent group has the same functions and responsibilities as a like-type wing, but not wing-level scopeand size.


Groups have a minimum adjusted population of atleast __ , including manpower authorizations, students and a percentage of contractor workforces. (63)



What is the basic unit in the Air Force? (64)

The squadron. (May be either a mission or functional unit.)


Squadrons have a minimum adjusted population ofat least __ , including manpower authorizations, students and a percentage of contractor workforces. (64)



List the three types of flights. (64)

1) Numbered/named; 2) alpha; and 3) functional.


Which flight is the lowest level unit in the Air Force,incorporating smaller elements into an organized unit? (64)

Numbered/named flight.


Which flights are usually part of a mission squadroncomposed of several elements that perform identical missions? (64)

Alpha flights.


Are alpha and functional flights subject to unit reporting? (64)



__ flights are usually part of a squadron composedof elements that perform specific missions. (64)



What two elements comprise the Air Reserve Component (ARC)? (64)

The ANG and AFR. (Forces are drawn from the ARC when the active force must rapidly expand.)


What document directs the full integration of theANG, AFR and active Air Force into a single TotalForce? (64)

Air Force Policy Directive (AFPD) 10-3, Air Reserve Component Forces.


Air Reserve Component (ARC) forces must meet the same training standards and readiness levels as active component forces. T/F (64)

True. (They are also supplied with the same equipment on an equal priority.)


U oder what policy are both regular and reserve assets considered parts of a single US military resource?(64)

The Total Force policy established by the DoD in 1973.


When determining an appropriate regular and reserve force mix, what considerations are unique to ANG units? (64)

Their dual state and federal missions.


ANG and AFR unit organization parallels activeforce unit organization, with what exception? (64)

Air Reserve Component (ARC) units are sometimes separated from major multisquadron bases to take advantage of state or regional demographics.


Who has command jurisdiction for nonmobilizedANG units? (64)

The governor of the state, commonwealth or possession (or the President in the District of Columbia).


Who has command jurisdiction for nonmobilizedAFR units? (64)

The Commander, AFR, who is responsible to the Chief of Staff, US Air Force (CSAF).


Who commands nonmobilized AFR individual mobilization augmentees? (64)

The unit of assignment.


Whenever the President authorizes involuntary activation, who delegates authority to the gaining MAJCOM commanders to order ANG and AFR forces to active duty? (64)



When activated, who does operational command ofAir Reserve Component (ARC) forces transfer to? (64)

The gaining MAJCOM commander, who is also responsible for establishing training resources for all assigned ARC forces.