Flashcards in Chapter 35: Fungal Infections Deck (24)
converted to 5 FdUMP, which goes on to inhibit thymidylate sythase --> inhibit DNA synthesis!
Flucytosine is used to treat 1) 2) 3) ?
fluCytosine --> the three Cs
How does flucytosine resistance manifest?
mutations in cytosine permease/deaminase lead to resistance
Which antifungal drug works by binding to tubulin and and a microtubule assc protein, thus disrupting assembly of the mitotic spindle?
Grizzly-fulvin comes in and RIPS APART THE MITOTIC SPINDLE!!!
Griseofulvin is used to treat __? But cannot
skin hair or nail infections
caused by trichophyton, microsporum, epidermophyton
You cannot use griseofulvin in patients with what medical conditions?
pregnancy; porphyria; hepatic failure
Giving barbituates with griseofulvin causes what?
increases GI absorption of griseofulvin
Which inhibitor of squalene epoxidase has a really long half life (~300 hr) because it accumulates in the nails, skin, and fat?
What is the drug of choice for onychomycosis (nail fungus tinea unguum)?
What class of drugs are used to treat the "tineas?"
squalene epoxidase inhibitors --> "fines"
terbinaFINE, naftiFINE, butenaFINE
that chick Tinea is sooo FINE!
Which inhibitor of sqaulene epoxidase is available only as a cream or gel?
A lot of stuff interferes with ketoconazole - what?
anything that decreases gastric acidity
inhibits p450 so anyting like warfarin, h1 antihistamines...
which imidazole antifungal is NOT used for superficial eye infections?
triazole antifungals include --?
which triazole can be used to treat aspergillosis, blastomycosis, cadidiasis, histoplasmosis, onychomycosis?
Which triazole does not penetrate the CSF but may have strong effects on the meninges anyways?
amphotericin B MOA?
binds to ergosterol and forms pores that alter fungal membrane stability
what are the major adverse effects of amphotericin B?
cytokine storm (fever, chills, hypotension)
What measures are taken to reduce renal toxicity of ampho B?
lipid formulations reduce drug exposure to the proximal tubule
Ampho B should be combined with what other antifungal to tx acute cryptococcal meningitis?
Which ergosterol inhibitor is used to treat only mucocutaneous candidiasis?
what is the MOA of the "fungins"
noncomp inhibition of B 1 3 D glucans synthesis --> disrupts cell wall integrity
Echinocandins, the "fungins" are fungicidal against ___ and fungistatic against ___?