Flashcards in Chapter 4,5,6 Vocab Deck (294)
An indolamine neurotransmitter; the only member of this class of monoamine neurotransmitters found in the mammalian nervous system
Holds about seven items for less than 30 seconds without rehearsal; also called the working memory because it is the mental workspace for tasks being thought about at any given moment.
The class of monoamine neurotransmitters that are synthesized from tryptophan; serotonin is the only member of this class found in the mammalian nervous system
Relatively permament memory system with virtually unlimited capacity.
Loss of memories for events that occurred after the amnesia
A class of unconventional neurotransmitters that include nitric oxide and carbon monoxide
Loss of memories for events that occurred prior to the amnesia
A soluble-gas neurotransmitter
Part of the declarative memory that holds general knowledge
A soluble-gas neurotransmitter
Part of the declarative memory that contains memories of personally experienced events.
At some synapses, they transmit feedback signals from postsynaptic neuron back to the presynaptic neuron
Memory with a lack of conscience/awareness in the act of recollection
A class of unconventional neurotransmitters that are chemically similar to the active components of marijuana
Opposite of implicit. Conscious remembering
The first endogenous endocannabinoid to be discovered and characterized
Repetition Priming Tests
A test that study the pattern that amnesic patients display severe deficits in explicit memory with no deficits at all in implicit memory.
One of the five classes of neuropeptide transmitters; it consists of those first identified as hormones released by the pituitary
Wisconsin Card Sorting Test
It is a customized test for people with an injury to the frontal lobe. Sorting cards either by color, number or symbol and the patients with frontal lobe damage sort by the way asked before.
One of the five classes of neuropeptide transmitters; it consists of those first identified as hormones released by the hypothalamus
Division of biopsychology that focuses on the use of functional brain imaging to study the neural bases of human cognition.
One of the five classes of neuropeptide transmitters; consists of those first discovered in the gut
Constituent Cognitive Processes
Each complex cognitive process results from the combined activity of simple cognitive processes.
One of the five classes of neuropeptide transmitters; it consists of those with a structure similar to the active ingredients of opium
Paired-Image Subtraction Technique
The use of PET or fMRI to locate constituent processes in the brain by producing an image of the diff in the brain activity associated with two cognitive tasks that differ in terms of a single constituent process.
One of the five classes of neuropeptide transmitters; it consists of those that don’t fit into the other four classes
Those that are displayed by virtually all members of a species
Drugs that facilitate the effects of a particular neurotransmitter
Subject is placed in a large, barren chamber, and its activity is recorded.