Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (78)
1

Abdominal Cavity

liver, Gallbladder,Spleen, intestines, kidneys,pancreas

2

Abdominopelvic Cavity

space between the diaphram and groin

3

Anaplasia

change in structure of cells

4

Anatomical Position

standiing with head and feet pointing forward

5

Anterior

Front of the body, belly side

6

Aplasia

developmental failure

7

Cardiac Muscle

muscular wall of heart

8

Caudal

the tail end

9

Cell

smallets , numerous unit of living matter

10

Cell Membrane

semipermeable barrier covering outer layer of cell

11

Cervical Vertebrae

segments of spinal column c1-c7

12

Chromosomes

control functions of growth, repair, and reproduction

13

Coccyx

the tail bone

14

Connective Tissue

supports and binds body tissue and parts

15

Cranial

skull or cranium

16

Cranial Cavity

contains the brain

17

Deep

away from the surface toward the inside of the body

18

Distal

farthest from the trunk of the body

19

Dorsal

the back

20

Dorsum

back or posterior surface of a part

21

Dysplasia

abnormal development of tissues or organs

22

Epigastric Region

located between the right and left hypochondriac regions

23

Epitheal Tissue

covers internal and external organs of the body

24

Frontal Plane

vertical palne from head to toes

25

Genes

chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics

26

Histologist

one who specializes in the study of tissues

27

Hyperplasia

increase in number of cells of a body part

28

Hypochondriac Region

right and left regions of upper abdomen

29

Hypogastric Region

middle section of lower abdomen

30

Hypoplasia

incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue

31

Inferior

below or downward toward the tail or feet

32

Inguinal Region

right and left regions of lower abdomen or iliac region

33

Intervertebral disc

flat, circular, plate- like structure of cartilage between vertebrae

34

Lateral

side of the body, away from midline

35

Long Axis

vertical line through the middle of the body

36

Lumbar Region

right and left regions of the middle abdomen

37

Lumbar Vertebrae

five segments of spinal column L1-L5

38

Lysosomes

destroy bacteria by digesting them

39

McBurney's Point

point on right side of abdomen two-thirds between umbilicus and anterior bony prominence of hip

40

Medial

Toward the midline of the body

41

Mediolateral

middle and side of a structure

42

Membrane

layer of tissue that covers a surface

43

Midline of the body

imaginary line created by dividing the body into equal parts

44

Midsagittal Plane

divides body into equal portions

45

Mitochondria

provide the energy needed by the cell

46

Munro's Point

point on left side of the abdomen between umbilicus and bony prominence of hip

47

Muscle Tissue

Tissue capable of producing movement

48

Neoplasia

New and abnormal development of cells

49

Nervous Tissue

Tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body

50

Nucleus

controlling body within a living cell

51

Organ

tissues arranged together to perform a special function

52

Pelvic Cavity

lower front cavity located beneath abdominal cavity

53

Peritoneum

membrane that covers entire abdominal wall of the body

54

Plane

imaginary slices made through the body

55

Plantar

the sole or bottom of the foot

56

Posterior

back of the body

57

Pronation

movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn downward and backward

58

Prone

lying face down on abdomen

59

Proximal

towards or nearest to trunk of body

60

Ribosomes

synthesize proteins (protein factories)

61

Sacrum

fourth segment of spinal column one bone made of five fused bones

62

Skeletal Muscle

muscles that attach to bone

63

Smooth Muscle

muscles found on the walls of the hollow internal organs

64

Spinal Cavity

cavity contains the nerves of the spinal cord (spinal canal)

65

Superficial

the surface of the body or near surface

66

Superior

Above or upward toward the head

67

Supination

movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forword

68

Supine

lying horizontally on the back, face up

69

System

organs that work together to perform the many fuctions of the body

70

Thoracic Cavity

chest cavity that contains, lungs, aorta, esophagus, and trachea

71

Thoracic Vertebrae

12 vertebrae that make up the vertebrae bones of the chest T1-T12

72

Tissue

group of cells that performs specialized functions

73

Transverse Plane

divides body into superior (Upper) and inferior (lower) portions

74

Umbilical Region

between the right and left lumbar regions and directly beneath the epicastric region

75

Umblicus

navel or belly button

76

Ventral

the front or belly side

77

Visceral

internal organs

78

Visceral Muscle

muscle found in walls of hollow internal organs of body