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Flashcards in chapter10 Deck (151)
1

analgesic

pertaining to relieving pain

2

anastomosis

surgical joining of two ducts to

3

aneurysm

localized dilation of a weakened area of the wall of an artery

4

aneurysm/o

aneurysm

5

aneurysmectomy

surgical removal of the sac of an aneurysm

6

angi/o

vessel

7

angina pectoris

severe pain and constriction about the heart, usually radiating left shoulder down left arm

8

anomaly

deviation from normal

9

anorexia

lack or loss of appetite resulting in the inability to eat

10

aortic valve

between left ventricle and aorta

11

arrythmia

abnormal heatbeat

12

arter/o

artery

13

arteri/o

artery

14

arteriol/o

arteriole

15

arteriosclerosis

hardening of the arteries

16

arthralgia

joint pain

17

AS

sinoatrial

18

ascites

abnormal collection of fluid within the peritoneal cavity

19

asystole

absence of contractions of the heart

20

ather/o

fatty

21

atherosclerosis

fatty deposits building up within the inner layers of the walls of the arteries

22

atrial flutter

contractions of the atria become extremely rapid

23

atrioventricular node (AV Node)

cordinates incomming electrical impulses

24

benign

noncancerous, not progressive

25

blood pressue

pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries

26

BP

blood pressure

27

bruit

abnormal sound or mummer

28

bruits

abnormal sound or mummer heard when listening to the carotid artery with a stethescope

29

bundle of his

divides into right and left bundle branches

30

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

31

CAD

coronary artery disease

32

cardi/o

heart

33

cardiac tamponade

compression of the heart caused by accumulation of blood or other fluids within the pericardial sac

34

cardiologist

specializes in the study of disease and disorders of the heart

35

cardiology

study oc the heart

36

cardiomyopathy

disease of the heart muscle

37

carditis

inflammation of the heart muscles

38

CCU

coronay care unite

39

chambers

left & right atrium, right & left ventricle

40

claudication

cramplike pains in the calves of the legs caused by poor circulation to the muscles of the legs

41

coarctation of the aorta

localized narrowing of the aorta

42

congestive heart failure (CHF)

pumping ability of heart is impared

43

coron/o

heart

44

coronary arteries

supply blood to heart muscle

45

coronary artery

supplies blood and oxygen to the heart muscle

46

coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

increases blood flow to the myocardial muscle

47

coronary artery disease (CAD)

the narrowing of the coronary arteries

48

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

49

cusp

any one of the small flaps on the valves of the heart

50

deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel

51

dependent edema

fluid accumulation in the tissues influenced by gravity

52

directional coronary atherectomy

catheter shaves plaque

53

distole

relaxation, allowing for blood into the heart

54

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

55

dysrhythmia

abnormal rhythm

56

ECG

electrocardiogram

57

echo

sound

58

echocardiogram

graphic outline or record of movements of structures of the heart

59

edema

localized or generalized collection of fluid within the body tissues

60

electr/o

electrical, electricity

61

endo

within

62

endocarditis

inflammation of the membrane lining of the valves and chambers of the heart

63

endocardium

innermost layer

64

epicardium

outer layer

65

gram

record or picture

66

graphy

process of recording

67

hepatomegaly

enlargement of liver

68

homan's sign

pain felt in the calfof the leg, or behind the knee when bending toes upward toward the foot

69

HTN

hypertension

70

hyperlipidemia

excessive level of fats in the blood

71

hypertension (HTN)

abnormally high blood pressue

72

hypotension

low blood pressue

73

hypoxemia

insuffcient oxygenation of arterial blood

74

infarction

localized area of necrosis in tissue vessel or organ relulting from lack of oxygen

75

inferior vena cava

large vein that carries blood from the lower body

76

ischemia

decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part or organ

77

lesion

wound, injury, or any pathological change in body tissue

78

lipid

any group of fats or fatlike substances found in the blood

79

lumen

a cavity or the channel within any organ or structure of the body

80

malaise

a vague feeling of body weakness or discomfort

81

mediastinum

area between the lungs in the chest cavity that contains the heart

82

megal/o

enlarged

83

MI

myocardial infarction

84

mitral (biscuspid) valve

between left atrium and left ventricle

85

mitral valve prolapse

drooping of one or both cusps

86

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

87

murmur

low-pitched humming or fluttering sound

88

my/o

muscle

89

myocardial infarction (MI)

heart attack occlusion of one or more of the coronary arteries

90

myocarditis

inflammation of the myocardium

91

myocardium

middle muscular layer

92

nocturia

urination at night

93

occlusion

closure, or state of being closed

94

orthopnea

abnormal condition in which a perosn sits up straight or stands up to breathe comfortably

95

pacemaker

the SA node (sinoatrial) of the heart located in the right atrium

96

palpable

detectable by touch

97

palpitation

pounding or racing of the heart

98

patent ductus arteriosus

abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta

99

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)

balloon angioplasty

100

pericardial

pertaining to the pericardium

101

pericardiocentesis

surgical puncture of the sac around the heart

102

pericarditis

inflammation of the pericardium

103

pericardium

thin, double-walled membraneous sac that encloses the heart

104

petechiae

small, purplish hemorrhagic spots on the skin

105

pitting edema

swelling, usually of the skin of the extremities when pressed down maintains the dent

106

prophylactic

an agent that protects against disease

107

pulmonary

between right ventricle and pumonary artery

108

pulmonary artery

transports deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs

109

pulmonary circulation

deoxygenated blood to right atrium from superior vena cava through the tricuspid valve into riight ventricle. From right ventricle through the pulmonary valve into left and right pulmonary arteries

110

pulmonary vein

vein that returns oxygenated blood from they lungs back to the left atrium of the heart

111

purkinje fibers

Cause ventricles to contract

112

PVC

premature ventricular contractions

113

septum

wall or partition separating 2 cavities

114

serum sickness

hypersensitivity reaction that may occur two to three weeks after administration of an antiserum

115

sinoatrial node (SA Node)

pacemaker of the heart

116

sphygnomanometer

used with blood pressue cuff to measure blood pressue

117

superior vena cava

large vein that collects and carries blood from upper body

118

sydenham's chorea

a form of chorea (involuntary muscle twitching) associated with rheumatic fever

119

systemic circulation

oxygenated blood to left atrium from pulmonary veins. From atrium through the mitral valve to left ventricle. Fresh oxygen passes through aortic valve into aorta then branches into arterioles & body

120

systole

contraction, forcing blood out of heart

121

tetralogy of fallot

congenital heart anomaly consists of 4 defects

122

three layers of the heart

epicardium, myocardium, endocardium

123

thrombophlebitis

inflammation of a vein associated with the formation of a thrombus

124

thrombosis

the formation or existence of a blood clot

125

TPMA

tricuspid, pulmonary, mitral, aortic

126

tricuspid valve

between right atrium and right ventracle

127

varicose veins

enlarged, superficial veins

128

vasoconstriction

narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel

129

vegetation

an abnormal growth of tissue aroung a valve

130

ventricul/o

ventricle of the heart or brain

131

V-tach

ventricular tachycardia

132

atrial fibrillation

rapid, incomplete contractions of the atria resulting in disorganized and uncoordinated twitiching of the atria

133

ventricular fibrillation

ineffectual contractions of the ventricles

134

heart block (AV Block)

interference with the normal conduction of electric impulses

135

angiography

x-ray visualization of internal anatomy of heart and blood vessels after introducing a contrast medium

136

cardiac catheterization

catheter is introduced into a large vein or artery, threaded through the circulatory system to the heart

137

echocardiograhy

diagnostic procedure for studying the structure and motion of the heart (ultrasound waves)

138

electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG)

graphic record of the electrical action of the heart

139

exercise stress testing

subjecting patient to carefully controlled amounts of physical stress

140

implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)

devise placed under the skin or muscle in chest or abdomen

141

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

magnetic field and radiofrequency waves produce imaging

142

right atrium

upper chamber of the heart

143

left atrium

upper chamber of the heart

144

bradycardia

a slow heart rate, pulse rater under 60 beats per minute

145

tachycardia

abnormal rapidity of heart action heart rate over 100 beats per minute

146

dyspenea

difficult breathing, labored breathing

147

holter monitoring

portable monitoring device that makes prolonged electrocardiograph recordings on a portable tape recorder

148

serum lipid test

measures the amount of fatty substances in a sample of blood

149

venous insufficiency

an abnormal circulatory condition, with decreased return of venous blood from the legs to the trunk of the body

150

atrial fibrillation

extremely rapid, incomplete contractions of the atria resulting in disorganized and uncordinated twitching of the atria

151

ventricular tachycardia

ventricles of the heart beat at a greater then 100 beats per minute