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Flashcards in chapter 6 Deck (98)
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1

Diaphysis

shaft-like portion of a long bone

2

Epiphysis

located at each end of a long bone

3

Periosteum

thick white fibrous membrane that covers the surface of the long bone

4

Articular Cartilage

thin layer of cartilage covers the ends of a long bone

5

Medullary Cavity

center portion of the shaft of a long bone containing yellow marrow

6

Cancellous Bone

spongy bone, not as dense as compact bone

7

Tuberosity

elevated, broad, rounded process of a bone for attachment of muscles or tendons

8

Trochanter

large boney process located below the neck of the femur for attachment of muscles

9

Condyle

knuckle like projection at the end of a bone

10

Foramen

a hole within a bone that allows blood vessels or nerves to pass through

11

Fontanelle; Fontanel

space covered by tough membrane between bones of an infants cranium (soft spot)

12

Hematopoiesis

normal formation and development of blood cells in the bone

13

Intervertebral disc

flat, circular, plate-like structure of cartilage, cushion between vertebrae

14

Ossification

conversion of cartilage and fibrous connective tissue to bone

15

Osteoporosis

porous bone

16

Osteomalacia

soft bone due to lack of vitamin D

17

Osteomyelitis

infection of the bone and bone marrow

18

Ewing's sarcoma

malignant tumor of the bones

19

Osteogenic sarcoma, Osteosarcoma

malignant tumor arising from bone

20

Osteochondroma

most common benign bone tumor

21

Compact bone

is the hard outer shell of the bone

22

Crest

a distinct border or ridge

23

spine

sharp projection from the surface of a bone

24

bone depressions

concave (indented) areas, or openings in a bone

25

Sulcus

a groove or depression in a bone; a fissure

26

Sinus

an opening or hollow space in a bone

27

Fossa

a hollow or shallow concave depression in a bone

28

False Ribs

rib pairs 8-10 connect to the vertebrae in the back , join the seventh rib in the front

29

Floating Ribs

rib pairs 11&12 connect to vertebrae in back, lack attachment in front

30

True Ribs

first seven pairs of ribs, connect to vertebrae in back and to sternum in front