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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (199)
1

Abrasion

Scraping or rubbing away of skin, rug burn

1

Abscess

Localized collection of pus

1

Acne Vulgaris

Inflammatory disorder on face, chest, back, and neck

2

Albinism

Absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes

2

Actinic Keratosis

Premalignant, gray or red-to-brown, hardened lesion, caused by excessive exposure to sunlight

2

Adip/o

Fat

2

Albin/o

white

3

Albino

Deficiency of pigment in eyes, hair, and skin

4

Allergy Testing

Exposure to small quantity of allergens

5

Alopecia

Partial or complete loss of hair

6

Amputation

Removal of part or whole limb

6

Basal Layer

deepest of the layers of epidermis

6

Blackhead

Open comedo, accumulation of keratin and sebum

7

Bulla

Large blister

7

Blister

Lesion containing fluid or a vesicle

7

Bruise

Blue-Black discoloration of skin

8

Bx,bx

Biopsy

9

Callus

Thickening of the epidermis where external pressure or fiction occurs on hands or feet

10

Carbuncle

Contains pus, large furuncle or multiple furuncles

10

Carcinoma, Basal cell

Malignant epithelial cell tumor slightly elevated nodule

11

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell

Malignancy of squamous or (scale like) cells of epithelial tissue

12

Caut/o

Burn

13

Cautery

heat or substances that burn and scar the skin     (branding iron)

14

Cellulitis

a diffuse acute bacterial infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue

15

Cerumen

ear wax

17

Ceruminous Gland

Cerumen (ear wax)

18

Cicatrix

flat, mostly flat scar

18

Collagen

Protein substance forms fibers of connective tissue

19

Comedo

Lesion of acne

20

Contact Dermatitis

skins response to an irritant or allergen with redness and pruritus (itching)

21

Erythema

Redness to the skin

21

Contusion (Bruise)

injury without break in the skin

22

Cryosurgery

subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy tissue

23

Curettage

Scrap away abnormal tissue

24

Cutane/o

Skin

25

Cutaneous

skin

25

Cutaneous membrane

skin

26

Cuticle

root covering on fingernails and toenails

27

Cyanosis

Blue color to the skin

28

Cyst

Closed sac or pouch within the skin contains fluid or solid material

29

Debridement

Removal of debris, foreign objects and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound

29

Decub.

Decubitus Ulcer, pressure sore

30

Decubitus Ulcer or Pressure Ulcer

Bedsore, breakdown of skin and underlying tissues from constant pressure to bony prominences and not enough blood supply and oxygen

31

Derm.

Dermatology

32

Derm/o

Skin

33

Dermabrasion

Removal of the epidermis and a portion of the dermis with sandpaper or brushes

34

Dermat/o

skin

36

Dermatitis

Inflammation of the Skin

37

Dermatologist

Specializes in diseases and disorders of the skin

37

Dermatology

the study of skin

38

Dermis ( Corium)

Inner, thicker layer of the skin, secornd layer

39

Diaphoresis

Secretion of sweat

40

DLE

Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

40

EAHF

Eczema, Asthma, Hay fever

41

Ecchymosis

Black- and- Blue mark Example black eye

42

Eczema

Acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition                      (not infectious)

43

Electrodessication / Fulguration

the use of electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue

43

Electrosurgery

Removal or destruction of tissue with an electrical current

45

Epidermis

Outer layer of the skin

46

Epidermoid Cyst

Cyst filled with cheesy material composed of sebum and epithelial derbris

46

Epithelium

tissue covers internal and external surfaces

47

Erythorderma, Eytheremia

abnormal increase in red blood cells

48

Erythr/o

Red

49

Escharotomy

Incision made into necrotic tissue resulting from servere burn

50

Exanthematous Viral Diseases

Skin eruption or rash with inflammation

51

Excoriation

injury to epidermis caused by trauma

52

Exfoliation

Peeling or sloughing off of tissue cells

53

FANA

Fluorescent  antinuclear antibody

55

First Degree Burns

Superficial, cause swelling, redness, and pain

57

Fissure

Cracklike sore or groove in the skin

58

Fistula

abnormal passageway between two tubular organs

60

Five Basic Functions of Skin

1. Protection 2. Regulates Temperature 3. Secsory Receptor 4. Elinination of Waste 5. Vitamin D

61

FS

Frozen section

62

Furuncle (boil)

Begins as an inflamed hair follicle

64

Gangrene

Tissue Death from lack of blood, invasion of bacteria, caused by extreme frostbite

65

Sudoriferous Gland

(order) Sweat Gland

66

Hair

Filaments of keratin

67

Hair Follicle

tiny tube within dermis contains hair root

67

Hair Root

Portion of a strand of hair

67

Hair Shaft

Visible part of hair

68

Hairsutism

excessive body hair

69

Hemangiona

Benign tumer of blood vesseles

69

Heparin

anticoagulant

71

Herpes Zoster ( Shingles)

Acute viral infection caused by the chicken pox virus

72

Hidr/o

Sweat

73

Hist/o, Histi/o

tissue

74

Histamine

allergic inflammatory reaction

75

Histiocyte

cell that eats other cells or foreign particles

75

Hydrocele

fluid located in the scrotal sac of males

76

Hyperkeratosis

Overgrowth of horny layer of epidermis

76

I & D

Incision and Drainage

77

Ichthy/o

fish

78

Ichtyosis

dry skin resembles fish scales

79

ID

Intradermal

80

Impetigo

Highly Contagious Superficial skin infection serous vesicles and pustules filled with bacteria, common in children

82

Integument

skin

83

Integumentary System

body system pertaining to skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands

84

Kaposi's Sarcoma

Vascular malignant lesions, soft purple-brown nodules or plaques

85

Keloid

elevated scar

86

Kerat/o

hard, horny

88

Keratin

Hard fibrous protein

89

Keratolytic

breaks down or lossens hardend layer of skin

91

Keratosis

Skin condition inwhich there is a thickening and overgrowth of the epithelium

93

Laceration

tear in the skin

94

Lanugo

soft, fine, hair, covers developing fetus

95

LE

(Systemic) Lupus erythematosus

97

Lesion

Visible damage to the tissues of the skin

98

Leuk/o

white

100

Leukoplakia

white, hard, thickened patches attached to the mucous membrane

101

Lip/o

Fat

102

Lipocyte

Fat cell

104

Liposuction

Aspiration of fat through a suction curette

105

Lunula

Crescent-shaped pale area base of fingernail or toenail

106

Macrophage

large cell, that eats other cells and foreign particles

108

Macule

Small flat, discoloration not raised or depressed, freckles

109

Malignant Melanoma

Malignant skin tumor from melanocytes

110

Mast Cell

Within connective tissue contains heparin and histamine

111

Melan/o

Black

113

Melanin

Black or dark pigment

114

Melanocytes

Cells that produce melanin

115

Myc/o

Fungus

117

Nail body

Visible part of nails

118

Nails

the proctective coverings for the tips of fingers and toes

119

Nevus (mole)

visual accumulation of melanocytes, flat or raised with definite borders

120

Nodule

Small, localized swelling protruding above the skin         (no stalk)

121

Onychophagia

habit of biting nails

122

Onych/o

Nails

123

Onychocryptosis

Ingrown nail

124

Onycholysis

separation of fingernail from its bed

125

Onychomycosis

Fungal infection of the nails

126

Pachyderma

abnormal thickening of skin

127

Papule

Small, Solid, elevation on the skin. example pimple, wart elevated mole

128

Paronychia

inflammation surrounding fingernails

128

Pediculosis

infestation with lice

129

Pediculosis

Contagious parasitic infestation caused by blood- sucking lice

130

Pemphigus

Incurable disorder, manifested by blisters in the mouth and on the skin

131

Petechia

Small pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin

131

Pil/o

Hair

132

Pimple

papule or pustule on the skin

132

Pilonidal Cyst

Closed sac located in sacrococcygeal area of the back

133

Polyp

Small, stalk like growth, protruding up or outward from membrane surface

134

Pores

Openings of the skin which water, salts, and fatty substances are excreted

135

PPD

Purified Protein Derivative

136

Pruritis

Itching

137

Psoriasis

Chronic skin disorder, silvery-white scales over reddened plaques producing itching

138

PSS

Progressive Systemic Scleroderma

139

Purpura

bleeding disorder, bleed into the skin

140

Pustule

Small elevation of skin filled with pus

141

Rosacea

Inflammatory skin disease

142

Scabies

Highly contagious Parasitic Infestation caused by the (human itch mite)

143

Scales

thin flackes of hardened epithelium

143

Scler/o

Hard

144

Scleroderma

Gradual thickening of the dermis and swelling of the hands and feet to a state where the skin is anchored to underlying tissue

145

Sebaceous Cyst

Cyst filled with a cheesy material consisting of sebum and epithelial derbris

146

Sebaceous Gland

Oil Gland, Sebum (oil) for lubrication

147

Seborrhea

Excessive secreation of sebum oily or dry skin

148

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Red, greasy, yellowish crusting or scales

149

Seborrheic Keratosis

Brown  or waxy yellow wartlike lesion, attached to the skin surface

151

Second Degree Burns

cause Blistering, pink to red color with swelling, involves epidermis and dermis

153

Skin Biopsy (Bx,bx)

removal of a small piece of tissue for the purpose of examining under a microscope

155

Skin Graft

Placing tissue on a recipient site, taken from a donor site

157

Skin Tags

Flesh-colored outgrowth of skin

158

SLE

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

160

Squam/o

Scales

162

Squamous Epithelial cells

Flat, scalelike cells, in layers (strata)

163

Squmaous Epithelium

Flattened platelike cells cover internal and external body surfaces

164

Stratified

Layered, arranged in layers

166

Stratum

Uniformly thick sheet or layer of cells

168

Stratum Basale

Layer of skin, new cells continually reproduced

169

Stratum Corneum

Outermost layer of dead cells covered in keratin

170

Stretch Marks

Tears in the dermis from rapis growth

171

Subcutaneous

Beneath (Sub) the dermis,fatty third layer of the skin

172

Subq.

Subcutaneous

173

Subungual Hematoma

blood under the nail bed

174

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

A chronic, multisystem inflammatory disease

175

Telangiectasia

permanent dilation of superficial capillaries and venules

176

TENS

Trascutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation

177

Third Degree Burns

involves all layers of the skin, causes necrosis of the tissue, color black, white

178

Tinea

Chronic fungal infection of the skin (Ring Worm)

179

Tinea Capitis

Ringworm of the Scalp

180

Tinea Corporis

Ringworm of the body

181

Tinea Cruris

Ringworm of the groin (Jock Itch)

182

Tinea Pedis

Ringworm of the feet or Athlete's foot

183

Trich/o

Hair

184

Ulcer

Open sore or lesion of skin

185

Ung.

Ointment

186

Urticaria ( Hives)

Allergic reaction of the skin resulting in numerous wheals

187

UV

Ultraviolet (light)

189

Vesicle

Small blister

190

Vitiligo

skin disorder with white patches surrounded by skin with normal pigments

191

Wart (Verruca)

benign, elevated skin lesion

192

Wheal

slightly elevated lesion, paler in center. ie mosquito bite

193

White Head

Closed comedo caused by keratin and sebum within the opening

194

Wood's Lamp

Light usedc to exsamine scalp and skin for fungal spores

195

Xanth/o

yellow

196

Xanthoderma

yellow coloration of the skin

197

Xer/o

dryness

198

Xeroderma

chronic skin condition rough and dry

199

XP, XDP

Xeroderma Pigmentosum