chapter19 Flashcards Preview

medical terminology1 > chapter19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter19 Deck (94)
1

Active acquired immunity

long-term immunity protects the body against new infection

2

Apnea

absence of spontaneoud respiration

3

Chicken Pox (Varicella)

Viral disease, vacine varicella-zoster virus

4

Cleft Lip

Congenital defect, open space between nasal cavity and lip

5

Cleft Palate

Failure of the hard palate to fuse

6

Congenital

Present at birth

7

Croup

Barking cough, stridor andlaryngeal spasm

8

cryptorchidism

undesended testicle- absence of one or both testicles from scrotum

9

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin

10

Dentition

eruption of teeth

11

Diphtheria

infectious disease, cause bacteria, white coating in airways sore throat and fever vacine DPT

12

Down Syndrome

Congenital condition with multiple defects and varying degrees of mental retatdation

13

Dwarfism

Generalized growth retatdation of the body, deficiency of human growth hormone

14

Erythroblastosis Fetalis

Hemolytic anemia due to incompatibility involving RH factors

15

Esophageal Atresia

Congenital abnormality of esophagus

16

Febrile

Pertaining to elevated body tempature

17

gigantism

overgrowth of bodys tissue due to the hypersecretion of human growth hormone before puberty

18

Hyaline Membrane Disease

Servere impairment of respiration in premature newborn , respiratory distress syndrome RDS

19

Hydrocepalus

Congenital, abnormal increase of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain

20

Immunity

State of being immune to or protected from a disease

21

Immunization

Process of creating immunity to a specific disease

22

Impetigo

skin infection, bacterial streptococcus

23

Microcephalus

Abnormal smallness of head in relation to the rest of the body

24

Mumps (infectious Parotitis)

viral infection, cause mumps virus vacine MMR

25

Neonatology

Medical specialty dealing with diseases an abnormalities of newborns

26

omphalitis

inflammation of umbilical stump

27

omphalocele

congenital herniation of intra-abdominal viscera

28

omphalorrhea

drainage from the umbilicus (navel)

29

Passive acquired immunity

antibodies transmitted naturaly through the placenta to fetus

30

Pediatrician

A physician who specializes in care and treatment of children

31

Pertussis (whooping Cough)

upper respiratory infectous disease, bacterial infection, vaccine- DPT

32

Pyrexia

Fever

33

recumbent

lying down

34

Reye's Syndrome

edema of the brain and increased intracranial pressure

35

Rubella (German Measles)

viral infection, cause rubella virus, vacine MMR 3day infection

36

Rubeloa (Red Measles)

Viral infection, cause measles virus, vacine MMR, 7 day infection

37

Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina)

bacterial infection, contagous disease, strawberry tounge, and pointlike bright red rash

38

spina bifida occulta

congenital defect of the central nervous system in which the back portion of one or more vertebrae is not closed

39

Stridor

high pitched musical sound when breathing in

40

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

"Crib death" the unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well, or virtually well, infant

41

tay-sachs disease

disorder caused by altered lipid metabolism due to an enzyme deficiency

42

Toxoid

modified substance to decrease its toxic effect and retains ability to produce antibodies

43

Umbilical Hernia

Protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abnominal wall near the umbilicus

44

Vaccine

made from weakened or killed microorganisms or toxoids

45

Vertex

Top of head, Crown

46

wheezing

high-pitched sound heard on inspiration and expiration

47

cephal/o

head

48

cryot/o

hidden

49

DPT

diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus vaccine

50

DS

down syndrome

51

HMD

hayline membrane disease

52

MMR

measles-mumps-rubella Vaccine

53

nat/o

birth

54

ne/o

new

55

omphal/o

navel

56

pedi/a

child

57

pyr/o

fire, heat

58

rose/o

rose colored

59

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

60

Tb

tuberculosis

61

tympan/o

eardrum

62

apical pulse

heart rate as heard with a stethoscope placed on the chest wall adjacent to the cardiac apex

63

autism

developmental disorder in which the individual is extremely withdrawn and absorbed with fantasy

64

axillary temperature

temperature taken by thermometer placed in armpit

65

crackles

abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation of chest during inspiration- discontinuous bubbling noises

66

deciduous teeth

primary teeth or baby teeth first set

67

development

increase in function and complexity that results through learning and growth

68

friction rub

dry, grating sound heard with a stethoscope during auscultation

69

growth

increase in the whole or any of its parts physically

70

head circumference

measurement around the greatest circumference of the head of an infant

71

infant

child in the earliest stage of life

72

lumbar puncture

hollow needle inserted into the spinal canal

73

length recumbent

lying down

74

natural immunity

immunity from a specific disease

75

neonatologist

medical doctor who specializes in neonatology

76

nomogram

graphic representation of a numeric relationship

77

pediatrics

preventive and primary health care and treatment of children, study of childhood diseases

78

retractions

displacement of tissues to expose a part or structure of the body

79

stature

natural height of a person in the upright position

80

tympanic temp

temp taken via the eardrum

81

well-child visit

health visit with professionals to assess the current health of a child

82

erythema infectiosum

viral disease which face appears as slapped checks, a fiery red rash on cheeks

83

roseola infantum

viral disease sudden onset of high fever for 3-4 days

84

club foot

talipes equinovarus

85

coarctation of the aorta

heart defect in which there is localized narrowing of the aorta

86

hydrocele

accumulation of fluid in the scrotal sac or spermatic cord

87

epispadias

birth defect urethra opens on upper side of penis at same point near the glans

88

hypospadias

defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis insted of the end

89

intussusception

telescoping of a portion of the proximal intestine into distal intestine causing an obstruction

90

patent ductus arteriosus

abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta

91

phimosis

a tightness of the foreskin

92

shaken baby syndrome (SBS)

child abuse, repetitive violent shaking

93

tetralogy of fallot

congenital heart anomaly consists of four defects

94

transposition of the great vessels

two major arteries of the heart are reversed in position