Chapter 4 Common anatomical terms or cattle Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Medical Terminology > Chapter 4 Common anatomical terms or cattle > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Common anatomical terms or cattle Deck (36):
1

barrel

capacity of the chest or trunk

2

brisket

mass of connective tissue, muscle, and fat covering the cranioventral part of the ruminant chest between the forelegs

3

coffin joint

distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones (phalanges II and III respectively)) in ungulates

4

crest

dorsal margin of the neck

5

dewclaw

accessory claw of the ruminant foot that projects caudally from the fetlock

6

dewlap

loose skin under the throat and neck which may become pendulous in some breeds

7

dock

solid part of the tail

8

elbow

forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna.

9

fetlock joint

metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint ( joint between the cannon bone and the long pastern bone (phalanxI)) in ungulates

10

flank

side of the body between the ribs and ilium

11

forearm

part of the foreleg supported by the radius and ulna, between the elbow and knee.

12

forehead

region of the head between the eyes and ears

13

heart girth

circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back.

14

heel

caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb

15

hock

tarsal joint; also called tarsus

16

hoof

hard covering of the digit in ungulates

17

hoof wall

hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates

18

hooks

protrusion of the wing of the ilium on the dorsolateral area of ruminants

19

knee

carpus in ungulates

20

loin

lumbar region of the back, between the thorax and pelvis

21

muzzle

two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip.

22

paralumbar fossa

hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are teh transverse processes of teh lumbar vertebrae (dorsally) the last rib (craniallly) and the thigh muscles (caudally)

23

pastern joint

proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones (phalanges I and II respectively)) in ungulates

24

pedal

pertaining to the foot

25

pins

protrusion of the ischium bones just lateral to the base of the tail in ruminants

26

poll

top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest/

27

shoulder

region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula

28

sole

palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; bottom of hoof

29

stifle joint

femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds

30

switch

tuft of hair at the end of the tail

31

tail

caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk

32

quarter

one of the four glands in the cows udder

33

tail head

base of the tail where it connects to the body

34

teat

nipple of the mammary gland

35

toe

cranial end of the hoof

36

udder

mammary gland

Decks in Veterinary Medical Terminology Class (72):